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Can altruism stabilise international climate agreements?

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  • van der Pol, Thomas
  • Weikard, Hans-Peter
  • van Ierland, Ekko

Abstract

We study the impact of altruism on the stability of international climate agreements. We consider the standard two-stage game for the analysis of international environmental agreements where countries announce their participation at the first stage and abatement levels are chosen at the second stage. We modify the game to consider altruism in the participation decision, i.e. countries consider, to a certain extent, the net benefits for other countries in their decisions. We study two types of altruism: impartial altruism, where countries show a concern for all other countries, and community altruism, where the concern extends only to coalition partners. We use the stability of coalitions model (STACO) to illustrate the impacts of both types of altruism on the stability of a climate agreement. We find that a limited degree of altruism is sufficient to stabilise the Grand Coalition such that a globally efficient climate policy can emerge while in the absence of altruism only a fraction of countries would join a climate agreement and the benefits of cooperation would largely remain unexploited. Our results indicate how moving beyond national interests can support the success of international climate agreements.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Ecological Economics.

Volume (Year): 81 (2012)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 112-120

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:81:y:2012:i:c:p:112-120

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ecolecon

Related research

Keywords: Stability of international climate agreements; STACO model; Altruism;

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Cited by:
  1. Thomas Eichner & Rüdiger Pethig, 2012. "Stable climate coalitions (Nash) and international trade," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 155-12, Universität Siegen, Fakultät Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Wirtschaftsinformatik und Wirtschaftsrecht.

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