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A structural approach to estimating the effect of taxation on the labour market dynamics of older workers

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  • Peter Haan
  • Victoria Prowse

Abstract

We estimate a dynamic structural life-cycle model of employment, non-employment and retirement that includes endogenous accumulation of human capital and intertemporal non-separabilities in preferences. In addition, the model accounts for the effects of income tax, social security contributions and the transfer system on work incentives. The structural parameter estimates are used to evaluate the employment effects of a tax reform focused on low-income individuals. This tax reform is found to cause a significant increase in employment and we find evidence for anticipation effects if the reform is targeted only at older workers. Copyright (C) 2010 The Author(s). The Econometrics Journal (C) 2010 Royal Economic Society

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Royal Economic Society in its journal Econometrics Journal.

Volume (Year): 13 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 (October)
Pages: S99-S125

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Handle: RePEc:ect:emjrnl:v:13:y:2010:i:3:p:s99-s125

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References

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  1. Peter Haan & Victoria Prowse & Arne Uhlendorff, 2008. "Employment Effects of Welfare Reforms: Evidence from a Dynamic Structural Life-Cycle Model," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 790, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  2. Paul Frijters & Bas van der Klaau, 2003. "Job Search with Nonparticipation," Paul Frijters Discussion Papers 2003-3, School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology.
  3. Hamish Low & Costas Meghir & Luigi Pistaferri, 2006. "Wage risk and employment risk over the life cycle," IFS Working Papers W06/27, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  4. Anders Karlstrom & Marten Palme & Ingemar Svensson, 2004. "A dynamic programming approach to model the retirement behaviour of blue-collar workers in Sweden," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(6), pages 795-807.
  5. Adda, Jérôme & Costa Dias, Mònica & Meghir, Costas & Sianesi, Barbara, 2007. "Labour market programmes and labour market outcomes: a study of the Swedish active labour market interventions," Working Paper Series 2007:27, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  6. Rebecca M. Blank, 2002. "Evaluating Welfare Reform in the United States," NBER Working Papers 8983, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. John Rust & Christopher Phelan, 1997. "How Social Security and Medicare Affect Retirement Behavior in a World of Incomplete Markets," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(4), pages 781-832, July.
  8. Zvi Eckstein & Kenneth I. Wolpin, 1989. "The Specification and Estimation of Dynamic Stochastic Discrete Choice Models: A Survey," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 24(4), pages 562-598.
  9. Jeffrey M. Wooldridge, 2005. "Simple solutions to the initial conditions problem in dynamic, nonlinear panel data models with unobserved heterogeneity," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(1), pages 39-54.
  10. Wolpin, Kenneth I, 1992. "The Determinants of Black-White Differences in Early Employment Careers: Search, Layoffs, Quits, and Endogenous Wage Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(3), pages 535-60, June.
  11. Blundell, Richard, 2000. "Work Incentives and 'In-Work' Benefit Reforms: A Review," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(1), pages 27-44, Spring.
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Cited by:
  1. Caliendo, Marco & Fossen, Frank M. & Kritikos, Alexander S., 2011. "Personality Characteristics and the Decision to Become and Stay Self-Employed," IZA Discussion Papers 5566, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Bonin, Holger & Schnabel, Reinhold & Stichnoth, Holger, 2014. "Zur Effizienz der ehe- und familienbezogenen Leistungen in Deutschland im Hinblick auf soziale Sicherungs- und Beschäftigungsziele," ZEW Discussion Papers 14-027, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  3. Haan, Peter & Prowse, Victoria, 2010. "The Design of Unemployment Transfers: Evidence from a Dynamic Structural Life-Cycle Model," IZA Discussion Papers 4792, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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