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Can the Workplace Explain Canadian Gender Pay Differentials?

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  • Marie Drolet
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    Abstract

    Using matched employee-employer data from the 1999 Workplace and Employee Survey, the contribution of the workplace to gender pay differentials is explored. The inclusion of workplace characteristics and more accurate industry measures tend to increase the "explained" component to around 60 percent. The workplace accounts for more of gender pay differentials than the worker. When controls for occupation and industry are excluded, about 10.8 percent and 27.9 percent of the pay gap are explained by worker and workplace characteristics respectively. The corresponding numbers are 18.6 percent and 42.6 percent when industry and occupation are included. However, a significant portion of gender pay differentials remains unexplained.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Toronto Press in its journal Canadian Public Policy.

    Volume (Year): 28 (2002)
    Issue (Month): s1 (May)
    Pages: 41-63

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    Handle: RePEc:cpp:issued:v:28:y:2002:i:s1:p:41-63

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    1. Kevin Reilly & Tony Wirjanto, 1999. "Does More Mean Less? The Male/Female Wage Gap and the Proportion of Females at the Establishment Level," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 32(4), pages 906-929, August.
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    8. Wooden, Mark & Bora, Bijit, 1999. "Workplace Characteristics and Their Effects on Wages: Australian Evidence," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(3), pages 276-89, September.
    9. Rene Morissette, 1993. "Canadian Jobs and Firm Size: Do Smaller Firms Pay Less?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 26(1), pages 159-74, February.
    10. Drolet, Marie, 2001. "The Persistent Gap: New Evidence on the Canadian Gender Wage Gap," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2001157e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    11. Kimberly Bayard & Judith Hellerstein & David Neumark & Kenneth Troske, 1999. "New Evidence on Sex Segregation and Sex Differences in Wages from Matched Employee-Employer Data," NBER Working Papers 7003, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:
    1. Heinze, Anja & Wolf, Elke, 2006. "Gender Earnings Gap in German Firms: The Impact of Firm Characteristics and Institutions," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 06-20, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    2. Mumford, Karen A. & Smith, Peter N., 2007. "Assessing the Importance of Male and Female Part-Time Work for the Gender Earnings Gap in Britain," IZA Discussion Papers 2981, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Drolet, Marie & Mumford, Karen A., 2009. "The Gender Pay Gap for Private Sector Employees in Canada and Britain," IZA Discussion Papers 3957, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Wolf, Elke & Heinze, Anja, 2007. "How to Limit Discrimination? Analyzing the Effects of Innovative Workplace Practices on Intra-Firm Gender Wage Gaps Using Linked Employer-Employee Data," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 07-077, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    5. Chicha, Marie-Thérèse, 2006. "Analyse comparative de la mise en oeuvre du droit à l'égalité de rémunération : modèles et impacts," ILO Working Papers, International Labour Organization 392033, International Labour Organization.
    6. Heinze, Anja, 2010. "Beyond the mean gender wage gap: Decomposition of differences in wage distributions using quantile regression," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 10-043, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    7. Lesley Andres & Maria Adamuti-Trache, 2007. "You've Come a Long Way, Baby? Persistent Gender Inequality in University Enrolment and Completion in Canada, 1979­2004," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, University of Toronto Press, vol. 33(1), pages 93-116, March.
    8. Margaret Yap, 2010. "Slicing and dicing the gender/racial earnings differentials," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 31(4), pages 466-488, July.
    9. Casey Warman & Frances Woolley & Christopher Worswick, 2006. "The Evolution of Male-Female Wages Differentials in Canadian Universities: 1970-2001," Working Papers, Queen's University, Department of Economics 1099, Queen's University, Department of Economics.

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