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Japanese Import Demand For U.S. Beef And Pork: Effects On U.S. Red Meat Exports And Livestock Prices


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  • Miljkovic, Dragan
  • Marsh, John M.
  • Brester, Gary W.


Japanese import demand for U.S. beef and pork products and the effects on domestic livestock prices are econometrically estimated. Japan is the most important export market for U.S. beef and pork products. Results indicate foreign income, exchange rates, and protectionist measures are statistically significant. The comparative statistics quantify the effects of recent economic volatility. For example, the 1995-1998 depreciation in the Japanese yen (39%) reduced U.S. slaughter steer and hog prices by $1.29 per cwt and $0.99 per cwt, respectively, while the 1994-1998 reduction in tariffs (14%) increased slaughter steer and hog prices by $0.49 per cwt and $0.33 per cwt, respectively. Livestock producers will continue to have a vested interest in Asian trade liberalization policies.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Southern Agricultural Economics Association in its journal Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics.

Volume (Year): 34 (2002)
Issue (Month): 03 (December)

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Handle: RePEc:ags:joaaec:15072

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Keywords: elasticities; exchange rates; import demand; income; tariffs; Demand and Price Analysis; Q17; F14; C32;

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  1. Bahmani-Oskooee, Mohsen & Ltaifa, Nabil, 1992. "Effects of exchange rate risk on exports: crosscountry analysis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 20(8), pages 1173-1181, August.
  2. Brester, Gary W. & Wohlgenant, Michael K., 1997. "Impacts Of Gatt/Uruguay Round Trade Negotiations On U.S. Beef And Cattle Prices," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 22(01), July.
  3. Ianchovichina, Elena & Hertel, Thomas W., 1999. "The East Asian Economic Crisis: It's Not All Bad News," Choices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 14(2).
  4. Thursby, Jerry G & Thursby, Marie C, 1987. "Bilateral Trade Flows, the Linder Hypothesis, and Exchange Risk," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(3), pages 488-95, August.
  5. Keith E. Maskus, 1986. "Exchange rate risk and U.S. trade: a sectoral analysis," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Mar, pages 16-28.
  6. Capps, Oral, Jr. & Tsai, Reyfong & Kirby, Raymond & Williams, Gary W., 1994. "A Comparison Of Demands For Meat Products In The Pacific Rim Region," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 19(01), July.
  7. Cushman, David O., 1988. "U.S. bilateral trade flows and exchange risk during the floating period," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(3-4), pages 317-330, May.
  8. Hayes, Dermot J. & Wahl, Thomas I. & Williams, Gary W., 1990. "Testing Restrictions on a Model of Japanese Meat Demand," Staff General Research Papers 10940, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  9. Kenen, Peter B & Rodrik, Dani, 1986. "Measuring and Analyzing the Effects of Short-term Volatility in Real Exchange Rates," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 68(2), pages 311-15, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Miljkovic, Dragan & Jin, Hyun Joung, 2006. "Import Demand for Quality in the Japanese Beef Market," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 35(2), October.
  2. Miljkovic, Dragan & Marsh, John M. & Brester, Gary W., 2004. "Effects of Japanese Import Demand on U.S. Livestock Prices: Reply," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 36(01), April.
  3. Miljkovic, Dragan & Jin, Hyun Joung, 2005. "Import Demand for Quality in Japanese Beef Markets," 2005 Conference (49th), February 9-11, 2005, Coff's Harbour, Australia 137936, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  4. Nogueira, Lia & Chouinard, Hayley H., 2006. "The Effects of Reducing Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Barriers to Trade on the Washington State Apple Industry," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21433, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).


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