Journal of Monetary Economics
November 2010, Volume 57, Issue 8
- 1026-1037 The paradox of interest rates of the Greenback Era: A reexamination
by Zhylyevskyy, Oleksandr
- 1038-1048 Endogenous nominal rigidities and monetary policy
by Kimura, Takeshi & Kurozumi, Takushi
- 1049-1061 Intrinsic inflation persistence
by Sheedy, Kevin D.
October 2010, Volume 57, Issue 7
- 769-784 Understanding gross worker flows across U.S. states
by Coen-Pirani, Daniele
- 785-802 Wage-setting patterns and monetary policy: International evidence
by Olivei, Giovanni & Tenreyro, Silvana
- 803-820 Why do forecasters disagree? Lessons from the term structure of cross-sectional dispersion
by Patton, Andrew J. & Timmermann, Allan
- 821-836 In search of a theory of debt management
by Faraglia, Elisa & Marcet, Albert & Scott, Andrew
- 837-850 The business cycle implications of reciprocity in labor relations
by Danthine, Jean-Pierre & Kurmann, André
- 851-858 Labor market search, the Taylor principle, and indeterminacy
by Kurozumi, Takushi & Van Zandweghe, Willem
- 859-872 Diseases, infection dynamics, and development
by Chakraborty, Shankha & Papageorgiou, Chris & Pérez Sebastián, Fidel
- 873-890 Non-performing loans, prospective bailouts, and Japan's slowdown
by Barseghyan, Levon
- 891-891 How much do economists agree on financial reform?
by King, Robert G.
- 892-902 The Squam Lake Report: Fifteen economists in search of financial reform
by Blinder, Alan S.
- 903-912 The Squam Lake Report: Observations from two policy professionals
by Feldman, Ron J. & Stern, Gary H.
September 2010, Volume 57, Issue 6
- 623-636 Worker replacement
by Menzio, Guido & Moen, Espen R.
- 637-652 Aggregate and welfare effects of redistribution of wealth under inflation and price-level targeting
by Meh, Césaire A. & Ríos-Rull, José-Víctor & Terajima, Yaz
- 653-667 How robustness can lower the cost of discretion
by Dennis, Richard
- 668-681 Uncertainty and currency crises: Evidence from survey data
by Prati, Alessandro & Sbracia, Massimo
- 682-695 The signaling role of policy actions
by Baeriswyl, Romain & Cornand, Camille
- 696-715 When do firms adjust prices? Evidence from micro panel data
by Lein, Sarah M.
- 716-728 Micro and macro price dynamics in daily data
by Abe, Naohito & Tonogi, Akiyuki
- 729-738 Human capital risk in life-cycle economies
by Singh, Aarti
- 739-752 The spirit of capitalism and expectation-driven business cycles
by Karnizova, Lilia
- 753-767 The anatomy of growth in the OECD since 1870
by Madsen, Jakob B.
July 2010, Volume 57, Issue 5
- 506-526 Global effects of fiscal stimulus during the crisis
by Freedman, Charles & Kumhof, Michael & Laxton, Douglas & Muir, Dirk & Mursula, Susanna
- 527-530 Comment on: "Global effects of fiscal stimulus during the crisis" by Charles Freedman, Michael Kumhof, Douglas Laxton, Dick Muir, Susanna Mursula
by Taylor, John B.
- 531-553 Unemployment fiscal multipliers
by Monacelli, Tommaso & Perotti, Roberto & Trigari, Antonella
- 554-556 Comment to "Unemployment Fiscal Multiplier" by Tommaso Monacelli, Roberto Perotti, and Antonella Trigari
by Merz, Monika
- 557-572 How to reduce unemployment: A new policy proposal
by Farmer, Roger E.A.
- 573-575 Discussion of "How to reduce unemployment: A new policy proposal"
by Rogerson, Richard
- 576-595 Tax buyouts
by Del Negro, Marco & Perri, Fabrizio & Schivardi, Fabiano
- 596-599 Discussion of "Tax buyouts" by M. Del Negro, F. Perri and F. Schivardi
by Sleet, Christopher
- 600-619 "Unfunded liabilities" and uncertain fiscal financing
by Davig, Troy & Leeper, Eric M. & Walker, Todd B.
- 620-621 Comment on: "Unfunded liabilities and uncertain fiscal financing" by Troy Davig, Eric M. Leeper, Todd B. Walker
by Smetters, Kent
May 2010, Volume 57, Issue 4
- 377-390 The intertemporal capital asset pricing model with dynamic conditional correlations
by Bali, Turan G. & Engle, Robert F.
- 391-403 The great moderation in micro labor earnings
by Sabelhaus, John & Song, Jae
- 404-419 Banking panics and policy responses
by Ennis, Huberto M. & Keister, Todd
- 420-427 Could making banks hold only liquid assets induce bank runs?
by Peck, James & Shell, Karl
- 428-438 Liquidity, redistribution, and the welfare cost of inflation
by Chiu, Jonathan & Molico, Miguel
- 439-450 One or two monies?
by Dong, Mei & Jiang, Janet Hua
- 451-465 Monetary aggregates and the business cycle
by Sustek, Roman
- 466-477 Real price and wage rigidities with matching frictions
by Kuester, Keith
- 478-490 A structural decomposition of the U.S. trade balance: Productivity, demographics and fiscal policy
by Ferrero, Andrea
- 491-503 The effect of low-wage import competition on U.S. inflationary pressure
by Auer, Raphael & Fischer, Andreas M.
April 2010, Volume 57, Issue 3
- 246-265 Volatility and growth: Credit constraints and the composition of investment
by Aghion, Philippe & Angeletos, George-Marios & Banerjee, Abhijit & Manova, Kalina
- 266-277 When is discretion superior to timeless perspective policymaking?
by Dennis, Richard
- 278-294 Inflation and the stock market: Understanding the "Fed Model"
by Bekaert, Geert & Engstrom, Eric
- 295-308 Stickiness, synchronization, and passthrough in intrafirm trade prices
by Neiman, Brent
- 309-324 Trade integration, competition, and the decline in exchange-rate pass-through
by Gust, Christopher & Leduc, Sylvain & Vigfusson, Robert
- 325-340 Estimation of DSGE models when the data are persistent
by Gorodnichenko, Yuriy & Ng, Serena
- 341-351 Inference in models with adaptive learning
by Chevillon, Guillaume & Massmann, Michael & Mavroeidis, Sophocles
- 352-363 Which bank is the "central" bank?
by Bech, Morten L. & Chapman, James T.E. & Garratt, Rodney J.
- 364-375 Quantifying the risk-sharing welfare gains of social security
by Olovsson, Conny
March 2010, Volume 57, Issue 2
- 121-131 Perfectly competitive bilateral exchange without discounting
by Green, Edward J. & Zhou, Ruilin
- 132-145 Investment shocks and business cycles
by Justiniano, Alejandro & Primiceri, Giorgio E. & Tambalotti, Andrea
- 146-163 Production-based measures of risk for asset pricing
by Belo, Frederico
- 164-174 Information, heterogeneity and market incompleteness
by Graham, Liam & Wright, Stephen
- 175-188 Import substitution and economic growth
by Rodrigues, Mauro
- 189-202 Local identification in DSGE models
by Iskrev, Nikolay
- 203-216 The dynamic effects of monetary policy: A structural factor model approach
by Forni, Mario & Gambetti, Luca
- 217-225 Credit frictions and the comovement between durable and non-durable consumption
by Sterk, Vincent
- 226-232 Testing the transparency benefits of inflation targeting: Evidence from private sector forecasts
by Crowe, Christopher
- 233-243 Unemployment as excess supply of labor: Implications for wage and price inflation
by Casares, Miguel
January 2010, Volume 57, Issue 1
- 1-18 Credit crises, money and contractions: An historical view
by Bordo, Michael D. & Haubrich, Joseph G.
- 19-23 Comment on: "Bordo and Haubrich"
by Cole, Harold L.
- 24-39 Financial globalization, financial crises and contagion
by Mendoza, Enrique G. & Quadrini, Vincenzo
- 40-44 Comment on: "Financial globalization, financial crises, and contagion" by Enrique G. Mendoza and Vincenzo Quadrini
by Clementi, Gian Luca
- 45-61 Deposit insurance and money market freezes
by Bruche, Max & Suarez, Javier
- 62-63 Comment on "The Macroeconomics of Money Market Freezes" by Max Bruche and Javier Suarez
by Acharya, Viral
- 64-75 Is mark-to-market accounting destabilizing? Analysis and implications for policy
by Heaton, John C. & Lucas, Deborah & McDonald, Robert L.
- 76-77 Comment on: "Is mark-to-market accounting destablizing? Analysis and implications for policy" by John Heaton, Deborah Lucas and Robert McDonald
by Milbradt, Konstantin
- 78-96 A model of a systemic bank run
by Uhlig, Harald
- 97-100 Comment on: "A model of a systemic bank run" by Harald Uhlig
by Keister, Todd
- 101-116 Optimal taxation in the presence of bailouts
by Panageas, Stavros
- 117-119 Comment on: "Optimal taxation in the presence of bailouts"
by Albuquerque, Rui
2009, Volume 56, Issue S
- 1-18 Monetary policy and aggregate volatility
by Adam, Klaus
- 19-37 Incomplete information, higher-order beliefs and price inertia
by Angeletos, George-Marios & La’O, Jennifer
- 38-56 Imperfect information and the business cycle
by Collard, Fabrice & Dellas, Harris & Smets, Frank
- 57-77 Setting the right prices for the wrong reasons
by Hellwig, Christian & Venkateswaran, Venky
- 78-99 Sectoral price data and models of price setting
by Maćkowiak, Bartosz & Moench, Emanuel & Wiederholt, Mirko
- 100-124 Information-constrained state-dependent pricing
by Woodford, Michael
November 2009, Volume 56, Issue 8
- 1023-1042 A theory of growth and volatility at the aggregate and firm level
by Comin, Diego & Mulani, Sunil
- 1043-1058 Reevaluating the modernization hypothesis
by Acemoglu, Daron & Johnson, Simon & Robinson, James A. & Yared, Pierre
- 1059-1073 Productivity differences and the dynamic effects of labor movements
by Klein, Paul & Ventura, Gustavo
- 1074-1085 Employment protection, firm selection, and growth
by Poschke, Markus
- 1086-1095 Endogenous tradability and some macroeconomic implications
by Bergin, Paul R. & Glick, Reuven
- 1096-1100 Inflation and labor market dynamics revisited
by Sveen, Tommy & Weinke, Lutz
- 1101-1108 Inflation determination with Taylor rules: Is new-Keynesian analysis critically flawed?
by McCallum, Bennett T.
- 1109-1113 Can learnability save new-Keynesian models?
by Cochrane, John H.
- 1114-1115 Rejoinder to Cochrane
by McCallum, Bennett T.
- 1116-1134 Housing policy and the progressivity of income taxation
by Chambers, Matthew & Garriga, Carlos & Schlagenhauf, Don E.
- 1135-1147 A quantitative assessment of the decline in the U.S. current account
by Chen, Kaiji & Imrohoroglu, Ayse & Imrohoroglu, Selahattin
October 2009, Volume 56, Issue 7
- 907-917 The term structure of policy rules
by Smith, Josephine M. & Taylor, John B.
- 918-929 Data breaches and identity theft
by Roberds, William & Schreft, Stacey L.
- 930-953 Anticipated fiscal policy and adaptive learning
by Evans, George W. & Honkapohja, Seppo & Mitra, Kaushik
- 954-967 Unemployment insurance with a hidden labor market
by Álvarez-Parra, Fernando & Sánchez, Juan M.
- 968-978 Financial sophistication and the distribution of the welfare cost of inflation
by Boel, Paola & Camera, Gabriele
- 979-989 Persistence of dollarization after price stabilization
by Rappoport, Veronica
- 990-1003 Macroeconomic interdependence and the international role of the dollar
by Goldberg, Linda & Tille, Cédric
- 1004-1013 The welfare costs of expected and unexpected inflation
by Faig, Miquel & Li, Zhe
- 1014-1021 Monetary policy shocks, Choleski identification, and DNK models
by Carlstrom, Charles T. & Fuerst, Timothy S. & Paustian, Matthias
September 2009, Volume 56, Issue 6
- 749-765 Let's take a break: Trends and cycles in US real GDP
by Perron, Pierre & Wada, Tatsuma
- 766-779 How sensitive are consumer expenditures to retail energy prices?
by Edelstein, Paul & Kilian, Lutz
- 780-790 Precautionary saving and the marginal propensity to consume out of permanent income
by Carroll, Christopher D.
- 791-804 Income dispersion and counter-cyclical markups
by Edmond, Chris & Veldkamp, Laura
- 805-816 Intergenerational risk sharing and fiscal policy
by Bohn, Henning
- 817-830 Bonds versus stocks: Investors' age and risk taking
by Bali, Turan G. & Demirtas, K. Ozgur & Levy, Haim & Wolf, Avner
- 831-841 The Great Inflation and the Greenbook
by Carboni, Giacomo & Ellison, Martin
- 842-855 Perhaps the 1970s FOMC did what it said it did
by Kozicki, Sharon & Tinsley, P.A.
- 856-871 The great moderation of the term structure of UK interest rates
by Bianchi, Francesco & Mumtaz, Haroon & Surico, Paolo
- 872-884 Macroeconomic releases and the interest rate term structure
by Lu, Biao & Wu, Liuren
- 885-899 Labor market reform and price stability: An application to the Euro Area
by Thomas, Carlos & Zanetti, Francesco
- 900-906 Monetary policy inertia: More a fiction than a fact?
by Consolo, Agostino & Favero, Carlo A.
July 2009, Volume 56, Issue 5
- 617-634 The alchemy of CDO credit ratings
by Benmelech, Efraim & Dlugosz, Jennifer
- 635-638 Discussion of Alchemy of CDO Ratings
by Ashcraft, Adam B.
- 639-652 Interbank market liquidity and central bank intervention
by Allen, Franklin & Carletti, Elena & Gale, Douglas
- 653-656 Comment on: "Interbank market liquidity and central bank intervention"
by Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro
- 657-674 Rating the raters: Are reputation concerns powerful enough to discipline rating agencies?
by Mathis, Jérôme & McAndrews, James & Rochet, Jean-Charles
- 675-677 Comment on "Rating the Raters" by Jérôme Mathis, James McAndrews, and Jean-Charles Rochet
by Jaffee, Dwight M.
- 678-695 Ratings shopping and asset complexity: A theory of ratings inflation
by Skreta, Vasiliki & Veldkamp, Laura
- 696-699 Discussion of "Ratings Shopping and Asset Complexity: A Theory of Ratings Inflation"
by Spatt, Chester
- 700-720 Financial regulation and securitization: Evidence from subprime loans
by Keys, Benjamin J. & Mukherjee, Tanmoy & Seru, Amit & Vig, Vikrant
- 721-724 Comment on "Financial regulation and securitization: Evidence from subprime loans" by Benjamin Keys, Tanmoy Mukherjee, Amit Seru, and Vikrant Vig
by Van den Heuvel, Skander J.
- 725-743 Moral hazard and adverse selection in the originate-to-distribute model of bank credit
by Berndt, Antje & Gupta, Anurag
- 744-747 Moral hazard and adverse selection in the originate-to-distribute model of bank credit
by Duffee, Greg
May 2009, Volume 56, Issue 4
- 431-449 Back to square one: Identification issues in DSGE models
by Canova, Fabio & Sala, Luca
- 450-470 Measuring our ignorance, one book at a time: New indicators of technological change, 1909-1949
by Alexopoulos, Michelle & Cohen, Jon
- 471-493 Credit market shocks and economic fluctuations: Evidence from corporate bond and stock markets
by Gilchrist, Simon & Yankov, Vladimir & Zakrajsek, Egon
- 494-513 Exchange rate volatility and productivity growth: The role of financial development
by Aghion, Philippe & Bacchetta, Philippe & Rancière, Romain & Rogoff, Kenneth
- 514-523 Has the CDS market lowered the cost of corporate debt?
by Ashcraft, Adam B. & Santos, João A.C.
- 524-534 Optimal consumption and asset allocation with unknown income growth
by Wang, Neng
- 535-544 The high-frequency impact of news on long-term yields and forward rates: Is it real?
by Beechey, Meredith J. & Wright, Jonathan H.
- 545-559 A structural decomposition of the US yield curve
by De Graeve, Ferre & Emiris, Marina & Wouters, Raf
- 560-569 What do technology shocks tell us about the New Keynesian paradigm?
by Dupor, Bill & Han, Jing & Tsai, Yi-Chan
- 570-581 Ramsey monetary policy with labor market frictions
by Faia, Ester
- 582-595 Optimal monetary policy in a [`]sudden stop'
by Braggion, Fabio & Christiano, Lawrence J. & Roldos, Jorge
- 596-604 Financial shocks and the US business cycle
by Nolan, Charles & Thoenissen, Christoph
- 605-615 How strong is the macroeconomic case for downward real wage rigidity?
by Holden, Steinar & Wulfsberg, Fredrik
April 2009, Volume 56, Issue 3
- 283-288 A model in which monetary policy is about money
by Deviatov, Alexei & Wallace, Neil
- 289-294 Money, intermediation, and banking
by Andolfatto, David & Nosal, Ed
- 295-308 Secondary currency: An empirical analysis
by Colacelli, Mariana & Blackburn, David J.H.
- 309-327 Anticipated growth and business cycles in matching models
by Den Haan, Wouter J. & Kaltenbrunner, Georg
- 328-343 On the employment effects of productivity shocks: The role of inventories, demand elasticity, and sticky prices
by Chang, Yongsung & Hornstein, Andreas & Sarte, Pierre-Daniel
- 344-352 Market share and price rigidity
by Kleshchelski, Isaac & Vincent, Nicolas
- 353-364 Trend inflation, wage and price rigidities, and productivity growth
by Amano, Robert & Moran, Kevin & Murchison, Stephen & Rennison, Andrew
- 365-377 How much inflation is necessary to grease the wheels?
by Kim, Jinill & Ruge-Murcia, Francisco J.
- 378-389 Is rising RTS a figment of poor data?
by Hansen, Sten & Lindström, Tomas
- 390-408 The irreversibility premium
by Chirinko, Robert S. & Schaller, Huntley
- 409-418 Crude substitution: The cyclical dynamics of oil prices and the skill premium
by Polgreen, Linnea & Silos, Pedro
- 419-430 Reconsidering the role of money for output, prices and interest rates
by Favara, Giovanni & Giordani, Paolo
March 2009, Volume 56, Issue 2
- 137-153 Revisiting the supply side effects of government spending
by Angeletos, George-Marios & Panousi, Vasia
- 154-169 Evaluating the economic significance of downward nominal wage rigidity
by Elsby, Michael W.L.
- 170-183 Labor market dynamics under long-term wage contracting
by Rudanko, Leena
- 184-199 The scarring effect of recessions
by Ouyang, Min
- 200-209 Why did the average duration of unemployment become so much longer?
by Mukoyama, Toshihiko & Sahin, Aysegl
- 210-221 U.S. tax policy and health insurance demand: Can a regressive policy improve welfare?
by Jeske, Karsten & Kitao, Sagiri
- 222-230 Technological change and the households' demand for currency
by Lippi, Francesco & Secchi, Alessandro
- 231-241 Can aggregation explain the persistence of inflation?
by Altissimo, Filippo & Mojon, Benoit & Zaffaroni, Paolo
- 242-254 New Keynesian models, durable goods, and collateral constraints
by Monacelli, Tommaso
- 255-266 Money demand heterogeneity and the great moderation
by Guerron-Quintana, Pablo A.
- 267-274 Sovereign debt auctions: Uniform or discriminatory?
by Brenner, Menachem & Galai, Dan & Sade, Orly
- 275-282 Identifying the interdependence between US monetary policy and the stock market
by Bjørnland, Hilde C. & Leitemo, Kai
January 2009, Volume 56, Issue 1
- 1-16 Welfare implications of the transition to high household debt
by Campbell, Jeffrey R. & Hercowitz, Zvi
- 17-19 Comment on: "Welfare implications of the transition to high household debt" by Campbell and Hercowitz
by Smith Jr., Anthony A.
- 20-39 Heterogeneous life-cycle profiles, income risk and consumption inequality
by Primiceri, Giorgio E. & van Rens, Thijs
- 40-42 Discussion of "Heterogeneous life-cycle profiles, income risk and consumption inequality" by Giorgio Primiceri and Thijs van Rens
by Heathcote, Jonathan
- 43-61 Politico-economic consequences of rising wage inequality
by Corbae, Dean & D'Erasmo, Pablo & Kuruscu, Burhanettin
- 62-65 Comment on: "Politico economic consequences of raising wage inequality" by Corbae, D'Erasmo and Kuruscu
by Quadrini, Vincenzo
- 66-78 Measuring the distribution of material well-being: U.S. trends
by Pope, Clayne
- 79-82 Discussion of Clayne Pope's "Measuring the distribution of material well-being: US trends"
by Aguiar, Mark
- 83-103 Unsecured credit markets are not insurance markets
by Athreya, Kartik & Tam, Xuan S. & Young, Eric R.
- 104-108 Comment on: "Unsecured credit markets are not insurance markets" by Kartik Athreya, Xuan S. Tam and Eric R. Young
by Perri, Fabrizio
- 109-133 Turbulent firms, turbulent wages?
by Comin, Diego & Groshen, Erica L. & Rabin, Bess
- 134-136 Comment on: "Turbulent firms, turbulent wages?" by Comin, Groshen, and Rabin
by Pistaferri, Luigi
October 2008, Volume 55, Issue Supplement 1
- 1-17 Central bank misperceptions and the role of money in interest-rate rules
by Beck, Guenter W. & Wieland, Volker
- 18-33 Optimal monetary policy with distinct core and headline inflation rates
by Bodenstein, Martin & Erceg, Christopher J. & Guerrieri, Luca
- 34-47 Worldwide macroeconomic stability and monetary policy rules
by Bullard, James & Singh, Aarti
- 48-62 Macroeconometric equivalence, microeconomic dissonance, and the design of monetary policy
by Levin, Andrew T. & David López-Salido, J. & Nelson, Edward & Yun, Tack
- 63-79 Taylor rules with real-time data: A tale of two countries and one exchange rate
by Molodtsova, Tanya & Nikolsko-Rzhevskyy, Alex & Papell, David H.
- 80-96 Learning, expectations formation, and the pitfalls of optimal control monetary policy
by Orphanides, Athanasios & Williams, John C.
- 97-110 Minimally altruistic wages and unemployment in a matching model with monopsony
by Rotemberg, Julio J.
- 111-126 Examining the bond premium puzzle with a DSGE model
by Rudebusch, Glenn D. & Swanson, Eric T.
November 2008, Volume 55, Issue 8
- 1337-1352 Are structural VARs with long-run restrictions useful in developing business cycle theory?
by Chari, V.V. & Kehoe, Patrick J. & McGrattan, Ellen R.
- 1353-1362 Long-term changes in labor supply and taxes: Evidence from OECD countries, 1956-2004
by Ohanian, Lee & Raffo, Andrea & Rogerson, Richard
- 1363-1375 Financial globalization and monetary policy
by Devereux, Michael B. & Sutherland, Alan
- 1376-1388 Monetary conservatism and fiscal policy
by Adam, Klaus & Billi, Roberto M.
- 1389-1400 Monetary policy with signal extraction from the bond market
by Nimark, Kristoffer
- 1401-1414 Optimal fiscal and monetary policy with costly wage bargaining
by Arseneau, David M. & Chugh, Sanjay K.
- 1415-1427 Bias in Federal Reserve inflation forecasts: Is the Federal Reserve irrational or just cautious?
by Capistrán, Carlos
- 1428-1440 Optimal pricing of payment services
by Monnet, Cyril & Roberds, William
- 1441-1456 Consumer durables and risky borrowing: The effects of bankruptcy protection
by Pavan, Marina
October 2008, Volume 55, Issue 7
- 1171-1190 Daily monetary policy shocks and new home sales
by Hamilton, James D.
- 1191-1208 Forming priors for DSGE models (and how it affects the assessment of nominal rigidities)
by Del Negro, Marco & Schorfheide, Frank
- 1209-1221 Consumption and expected asset returns without assumptions about unobservables
by Whelan, Karl
- 1222-1237 The extensive margin and monetary policy
by Bergin, Paul R. & Corsetti, Giancarlo
- 1238-1252 Firm dynamics, markup variations, and the business cycle
by Jaimovich, Nir & Floetotto, Max
- 1253-1276 Quantifying and sustaining welfare gains from monetary commitment
by Levine, Paul & McAdam, Peter & Pearlman, Joseph
- 1277-1289 Optimal sustainable monetary policy
by Kurozumi, Takushi
- 1290-1302 Deposit rate ceilings and monetary transmission in the US
by Mertens, Karel
- 1303-1316 Convenient prices, currency, and nominal rigidity: Theory with evidence from newspaper prices
by Knotek II, Edward S.