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Non-Profit-Organisationen in Deutschland: Ansatzpunkte für eine Refom des Wohlfahrtsstaats

  • Kraus, Margit
  • Stegarescu, Dan
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    Ziel dieser Studie ist es, die Potenziale von Non-Profit-Organisationen für eine Entlastung des öffentlichen Sektors zu analysieren und Handlungsempfehlungen für eine verbesserte Ausschöpfung dieser Potenziale zu erarbeiten. Die Untersuchungen fokussieren dabei auf die Bereiche Gesundheitswesen und Soziale Dienste. Analysiert man die gegenwärtige Aufgabenverteilung zwischen dem öffentlichen Sektor, dem Non-Profit-Sektor und dem privaten gewinnorientierten Sektor vor dem Hintergrund der wohlfahrtsökonomischen Theorien zum Non-Profit-Sektor, so ist insgesamt festzustellen, dass die bestehende Aufgabenverteilung zwischen den drei Sektoren in den untersuchten Bereichen recht gut mit den theoretischen Aussagen in Einklang zu bringen ist. Beträchtliche Verlagerungspotenziale vom öffentlichen Sektor in den Non-Profit-Sektor scheinen vor allem im Bereich der allgemeinen Krankenhäuser sowie im Bereich der Kindertagesstätten zu bestehen. Um die Potenziale, den öffentlichen Sektor zu entlasten, bestmöglich zu nutzen, werden allerdings die gegenwärtigen Rahmenbedingungen für Non-Profit-Organisationen noch in wesentlichen Punkten zu verbessern sein.

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    Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Dokumentationen with number 05-02.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdok:0502
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    1. James Andreoni & A. Abigail Payne, 2003. "Do Government Grants to Private Charities Crowd Out Giving or Fund-raising?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(3), pages 792-812, June.
    2. Khanna, Jyoti & Posnett, John & Sandler, Todd, 1995. "Charity donations in the UK: New evidence based on panel data," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 257-272, February.
    3. Homburg, Stefan, 2010. "Allgemeine Steuerlehre," EconStor Books, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, number 92547.
    4. Khanna, Jyoti & Sandler, Todd, 2000. "Partners in giving:: The crowding-in effects of UK government grants," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(8), pages 1543-1556, August.
    5. Arthur C. Brooks, 2001. "Private Philanthropy and the Economics of Public Radio," Center for Policy Research Working Papers 41, Center for Policy Research, Maxwell School, Syracuse University.
    6. Marianne F. Johnson, 2003. "Differential Taxation of for-Profit and Nonprofit Firms: A Computational General Equilibrium Approach," Public Finance Review, , vol. 31(6), pages 623-647, November.
    7. Gulley, O. David & Santerre, Rexford E., 1993. "The Effect of Tax Exemption on the Market Share of Nonprofit Hospitals," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 46(4), pages 477-86, December.
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