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Wie teuer ist (uns) die Umwelt? Zur umweltökonomischen Gesamtrechnung in Deutschland

  • Bartelmus, Peter
  • Albert, Jörg
  • Tschochohei, Heinrich
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    Die amtliche Statistik der Bundesrepublik liefert mit den umweltökonomischen Gesamtrechnungen (UGR) ein modulares Rahmenwerk, das wichtige, aberfragmentarische Daten zu einzelnen Umweltbelastungen liefert. Die in Tonnenaggregierten Rohstoffnutzungen und Emissionen zeigen Trends und Ursachen fürverschiedene Belastungen, können aber nicht das weltweit anerkannte Leitbildnachhaltigen Wirtschaftens operationalisieren. Hierfür bietet sich die von denVereinten Nationen propagierte integrierte umweltökonomische Gesamtrechnung(IUGR) an. Vor deren Implementierung schrecken allerdings sowohl dieamtlichen Statistiker als auch ein eigens eingesetzter wissenschaftlicher Beiratnoch zurück.Der hier vorgelegte Überblick über die Methodik und Aussagekraft der IUGR stellt dar, wie Nachhaltigkeit als Erhaltung des produzierten und Naturkapitals definiert und gemessen werden kann - konsistent und daher vergleichbar mit denwichtigsten Wirtschaftsindikatoren. Eine Pilotstudie der IUGR illustriert dies fürDeutschland. Sie zeigt ferner am Beispiel der Ökosteuer, wie Umweltkosten fürden rationalen Einsatz von Marktinstrumenten der Nachhaltigkeitspolitikverwendet werden können.

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    File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/49104/1/36624373X.pdf
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    Paper provided by Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy in its series Wuppertal Papers with number 128.

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    Date of creation: 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wuppap:128
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://wupperinst.org/

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    1. Stefan Bach, 1997. "Steuerreform in Deutschland," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 66(3-4), pages 291-316.
    2. Stefan Bach & Michael Kohlhaas & Bernd Meyer & Barbara Praetorius & Heinz Welsch, 2001. "Modellgestützte Analyse der ökologischen Steuerreform mit LEAN, PANTA RHEI: und dem Potsdamer Mikrosimulationsmodell," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 248, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    3. Peter Bartelmus, 2000. "Sustainable development: paradigm or paranoia?," International Journal of Sustainable Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 3(4), pages 358-369.
    4. Lawrence Goulder, 1995. "Environmental taxation and the double dividend: A reader's guide," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 2(2), pages 157-183, August.
    5. Bringezu, Stefan, 2002. "Towards sustainable resource management in the European Union," Wuppertal Papers 121, Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy.
    6. Wolfgang Riege-Wcislo & Angela Heinze, 1999. "Empirical results and experiences for the estimation of selected nitrogen abatement cost curves in Germany," International Journal of Sustainable Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 2(1), pages 95-126.
    7. Bartelmus, Peter, 2002. "Dematerialization and capital maintenance: Two sides of the sustainability coin," Wuppertal Papers 120, Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy.
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