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Costa Rica: Trade opening, FDI attraction and global production sharing

Author

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  • Monge-Ariño, Francisco

Abstract

Costa Rica has managed to combine an active agenda in the Multilateral Trade Negotiations (MTNs) at the WTO with the negotiation of several Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs). Such PTAs, most notably those with the US, China and the EU, will boost the share of total exports benefiting from preferential access in the destination markets from 24% to over 83%. Along this path of trade liberalization, the country has placed a strong emphasis on the attraction of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in high-tech manufacturing and services activities, producing a substantial transformation in the structure of its exports and inserting a fair share of the economy into Global Value Chains (GVCs) . As a result, about 43% of the country's total exports are related to GVCs, with an average of 36% of such exported value being added domestically. Labor and capital employed by GVC-participating firms account for about 40% of the domestic contribution to exports, while locally-provided services and supplies account for almost one sixth and one tenth, respectively. In turn, the relative importance of different services is quite variable across the GVCs identified.

Suggested Citation

  • Monge-Ariño, Francisco, 2011. "Costa Rica: Trade opening, FDI attraction and global production sharing," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2011-09, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:wtowps:ersd201109
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    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/57577/1/660181576.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sébastien Miroudot & Rainer Lanz & Alexandros Ragoussis, 2009. "Trade in Intermediate Goods and Services," OECD Trade Policy Papers 93, OECD Publishing.
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    Cited by:

    1. Inomata, Satoshi, 2013. "Trade in Value Added: An East Asian Perspective," ADBI Working Papers 451, Asian Development Bank Institute.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    global value chains; Costa Rica;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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