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Das Elend des Kompetenzbegriffs: Kompetenzkonstrukte in der aktuellen Unternehmenstheorie

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  • Moldaschl, Manfred

Abstract

Definitionen und Operationalisierungen des Kompetenzkonstrukts sind bislang diffus oder tendieren ins Tautologische, verdoppeln Funktionen in Kompetenzbegriffen (Personalselektion = Selektionsvermögen; Personalführung = Führungskompetenz, etc.). Bislang findet man eher Konsens im Beklagen eines Mangels an nachvollziehbaren und operationalen oder überhaupt expliziten Definitionen von Unternehmenskompetenz; man findet eher Zustimmung zur Diagnose uneinheitlicher Bestimmungen als klare Übersichten über Kompetenzkonstrukte der einzelnen Forschergruppen. Mein Beitrag zeichnet daher semantische Landkarten des Kompetenzbegriffs, anhand derer sich die inhaltlichen Bestimmungen, theoretische Verortungen und die Operationalisierungen verschiedener Ansätze vergleichen lassen. Dem liegt die Annahme zugrunde, daß es einer Forschungsrichtung nicht schaden kann, sich gelegentlich mit ihrem Zentralbegriff zu befassen. Da das Ergebnis der auf dieser Basis vorgenommenen Analyse einiger Operationalisierungen als deprimierend empfunden werden könnte, schließt der Beitrag mit einer kurzen Skizze möglicher Alternativen.

Suggested Citation

  • Moldaschl, Manfred, 2010. "Das Elend des Kompetenzbegriffs: Kompetenzkonstrukte in der aktuellen Unternehmenstheorie," Papers and Preprints of the Department of Innovation Research and Sustainable Resource Management 3/2010, Chemnitz University of Technology, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:tucdir:32010
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    1. Stephan Duschek, 2004. "Inter-Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage," management revue. Socio-economic Studies, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 15(1), pages 53-73.
    2. Joerg Freiling, 2004. "A Competence-based Theory of the Firm," management revue. Socio-economic Studies, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 15(1), pages 27-52.
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    Cited by:

    1. Reuter, Ute, 2011. "Die empirische Überprüfbarkeit des ressourcenbasierten Ansatzes," Research Papers on Innovation, Services and Technology 5/2011, University of Stuttgart, Institute of Business Administration, Department I - Institute of Research & Development and Innovation Management.
    2. Reuter, Ute, 2011. "Der relationale ressourcenbasierte Ansatz als Weiterentwicklung des ressourcenbasierten Ansatzes unter Einbezug externer Ressourcen," Research Papers on Innovation, Services and Technology 4/2011, University of Stuttgart, Institute of Business Administration, Department I - Institute of Research & Development and Innovation Management.

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