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Versicherungspflicht gegen Elementarschäden: Ein Lehrstück für Probleme der volkswirtschaftlichen Politikberatung

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  • Schwarze, Reimund
  • Wagner, Gert G.

Abstract

Dieses Papier untersucht die politisch-ökonomischen Gründe für die Ablehnung eines Versicherungspflicht für Elementarschäden in Deutschland. Nach einer Darlegung der ökonomischen Vorteilhaftigkeit und der Grundzüge eines praktikablen Modells einer Elementarschadenversicherungspflicht werden die drei wichtigsten Argumente der Kritiker diskutiert. Dies sind zu einem die Notwendigkeit und Höhe einer staatlichen Ausfalldeckung, rechtliche Bedenken gegen eine Beschränkung der Konsumentensouveränität und Verteilungskonflikte zwischen Bund und Ländern auf der Grundlage unterschiedlichen Gefahrenexposition sowie die politisch-ökonomische Rationalität von Soforthilfemaßnahmen. Die ökonomische Forderung nach einer reinen Marktlösung erwies sich in den Verhandlungen als ein Nirwana-Ansatz.

Suggested Citation

  • Schwarze, Reimund & Wagner, Gert G., 2005. "Versicherungspflicht gegen Elementarschäden: Ein Lehrstück für Probleme der volkswirtschaftlichen Politikberatung," Discussion Papers 2005/4, Technische Universität Berlin, School of Economics and Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:tubsem:20054
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Paul Kleindorfer & Howard Kunreuther, 1997. "The Complementary Roles of Mitigation and Insurance in Managing Catastrophic Risks," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 98-14, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
    2. Huber, Michael, 2004. "Reforming the UK flood insurance regime. The breakdown of a gentlemen's agreement," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 36049, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Epstein, Richard A, 1996. "Catastrophic Responses to Catastrophic Risks," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 12(2-3), pages 287-308, May.
    4. Kunreuther, Howard, 1996. "Mitigating Disaster Losses through Insurance," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 12(2-3), pages 171-187, May.
    5. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 1986. "Risiko als Produktionsfaktor," Munich Reprints in Economics 19879, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Joachim Ragnitz & Marcel Thum, 2013. "Pflichtversicherung gegen Flutschäden?," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 20(05), pages 33-35, October.
    2. Paul Raschky & Hannelore Weck-Hannemann, 2007. "Charity hazard - A real hazard to natural disaster insurance," Working Papers 2007-04, Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck.

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