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Ein Modell für die Wirtschaftszweige der deutschen Volkswirtschaft: Das "MOGBOT" (Model of Germany's Branches of Trade)

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  • Quaas, Georg
  • Köster, Robert

Abstract

Das MOGBOT ist ein ökonometrisches Modell für die Zweige der deutschen Volkswirtschaft nach der Gliederung A*10 der Klassifikation WZ 2008 (ergänzt durch das Verarbeitende Gewerbe, Abschnitt C), die den Daten der Volkswirtschaftlichen Gesamtrechnungen nach der Generalrevision 2011 zugrunde liegt. Den hier präsentierten vier Versionen des Modells liegen unterschiedliche ökonometrische Ansätze zugrunde. Es handelt sich um ein an die Zeitreihenanalyse angelehntes Modell (Version A), ein theoriegestütztes strukturelles Regressionsmodell in der Keynes/Klein-Tradition (Version B) und ein VEC-Modell ohne (C1) und mit (C2) exogenen Variablen. Da der Zweck des Modells in erster Linie in der Prognostik gesehen werden muss, wurden alle vier Versionen vor allem unter dem Gesichtspunkt getestet und bewertet, wie sie die (Vierteljahres-) Daten der letzten 18 Jahre mit Hilfe einer dynamischen Lösung des Modells erklären können. Dabei zeigt sich, dass das traditionelle Strukturmodell am besten zu den Daten passt, aber in zwei Fällen wenig plausible Prognosen produziert. Die Ergebnisse des VEC-Modells können verwendet werden, um diese Anomalien zu korrigieren.

Suggested Citation

  • Quaas, Georg & Köster, Robert, 2012. "Ein Modell für die Wirtschaftszweige der deutschen Volkswirtschaft: Das "MOGBOT" (Model of Germany's Branches of Trade)," Working Papers 106, University of Leipzig, Faculty of Economics and Management Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:leiwps:106
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Grossmann, Volker & Steger, Thomas M. & Trimborn, Timo, 2013. "The macroeconomics of TANSTAAFL," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 38(PA), pages 76-85.
    2. Schäfer, Andreas & Schneider, Maik T., 2015. "Endogenous Enforcement Of Intellectual Property, North–South Trade, And Growth," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 19(05), pages 1074-1115, July.
    3. Bretschger, Lucas & Steger, Thomas, 2013. "Globalization, The Volatility Of Intermediate Goods Prices, And Economic Growth," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 17(02), pages 402-430, March.
    4. McKinnon, Ronald & Schnabl, Gunther, 2008. "China's exchange rate impasse and the weak U.S. dollar," Working Papers 73, University of Leipzig, Faculty of Economics and Management Science.
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    Keywords

    Prognose und Simulation; Prognosemodelle; makroökonomische Analyse der ökonomischen Entwicklung; ökonometrische Modelle und ihre Anwendung; Simulationsmethoden; Wirtschaftszweige; deutsche Volkswirtschaft; WZ 2008; Forecasting and Simulation; Forecasting Models; Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development; Econometric Models and Applications; Simulation Methods; Branches of Trade; German Economy;

    JEL classification:

    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • E27 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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