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„Arbeitsplatzausstattung“ und „Arbeitsplatzlücke“ nach Geschlechtern in Ost- und Westdeutschland

Author

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  • Brautzsch, Hans-Ulrich
  • Fuchs, Johann
  • Lang, Cornelia

Abstract

The paper investigates (a) the number and structure of available jobs by gender in East and West Germany, (b) the gap between the supply and demand of jobs by gender in both regions and (c) the reasons for the wider "job gap" in East Germany compared with West Germany. The paper uses data from the Regional National Accounts and the Federal Labor Office. The analysis shows no significant difference in the number of jobs per 1000 persons in working age between East and West Germany. For women, the East German economy offers more jobs. Nevertheless, the gap between labour demand and the supply of jobs is wider in East Germany. This is caused not only by problems concerning the production structure, but also by the significantly higher partizipation rate of women in the labor market. Reasons are the traditional behaviour of East German woman and - compared with West Germany - the considerably lower household income.

Suggested Citation

  • Brautzsch, Hans-Ulrich & Fuchs, Johann & Lang, Cornelia, 2006. "„Arbeitsplatzausstattung“ und „Arbeitsplatzlücke“ nach Geschlechtern in Ost- und Westdeutschland," IWH Discussion Papers 9/2006, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:iwhdps:iwh-9-06
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    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/23754/1/9-06.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:zbw:iwhwiw:5-05-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Andrea Schäfer & Claudia Vogel, 2005. "Teilzeitbeschäftigung als Arbeitsmarktchance," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 72(7), pages 131-138.
    3. Fuchs, Johann & Weber, Brigitte, 2005. "Neuschätzung der Stillen Reserve und des Erwerbspersonenpotenzials für Westdeutschland (inkl. Berlin-West)," IAB-Forschungsbericht 200515, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    4. Bonin, Holger & Euwals, Rob, 2001. "Participation Behavior of East German Women after German Unification," IZA Discussion Papers 413, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. repec:zbw:iwhwiw:11-04-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Brautzsch, Hans-Ulrich, 2004. "„Arbeitsplatzlücke“ im Osten fast doppelt so hoch wie im Westen," Wirtschaft im Wandel, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH), vol. 10(11), pages 295-300.
    7. Besenthal, Andrea & Lang, Cornelia, 2004. "Erwerbsorientierungen von Frauen und Einstellungen zu Erwerbstätigkeit und Familie," Wirtschaft im Wandel, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH), vol. 10(1), pages 23-29.
    8. repec:zbw:iwhwiw:9-97-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Elke Holst & Jürgen Schupp, 1996. "Erwerbstätigkeit von Frauen in Ost- und Westdeutschland weiterhin von steigender Bedeutung," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 63(28), pages 461-469.
    10. Fuchs, Johann & Weber, Brigitte, 2005. "Neuschätzung der Stillen Reserve und des Erwerbspersonenpotenzials für Ostdeutschland (einschl. Berlin-Ost)," IAB-Forschungsbericht 200518, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    11. Lang, Cornelia, 1997. "Berufliche Selbständigkeit - Königsweg oder Notlösung?," Wirtschaft im Wandel, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH), vol. 3(9), pages 3-7.
    12. repec:zbw:iwhwiw:1-04-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Elke Holst & Jürgen Schupp, 1997. "Hohe Fluktuation in der Stillen Reserve," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 64(47), pages 921-928.
    14. Brautzsch, Hans-Ulrich, 2005. "Ist die Frauenbeschäftigung im Osten höher als im Westen?," Wirtschaft im Wandel, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH), vol. 11(5), pages 153-156.
    15. Karl Brenke, 2005. "Einkommensentwicklung der privaten Haushalte in Deutschland: Ostdeutschland fällt zurück," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 72(18), pages 319-327.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Beschäftigung; Unterbeschäftigung; Arbeitsangebot; Arbeitsnachfrage; Ostdeutschland; Westdeutschland; employment; underemployment; labor demand; labor supply; East Germany; West Germany;

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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