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Law of One Price, Distance, and Borders

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  • Borraz, Fernando
  • Zipitría, Leandro

Abstract

We propose a decomposition of the border effect in international trade by controlling for differences in competition in local markets. An extension of the Hotelling (1929) model shows that the availability of local substitutes increases price dispersion and biases the estimation of the border effect. We test these predictions using detailed price database at the supermarket level for Uruguay. This stylized setting makes it possible to control for other potential explanations of the border effect (i.e., exchange rates, taxes, or transport costs). We find that for those goods without local competitors the border estimation increases substantially, while for those goods that do have local competitors the effect of border is negligible. As the literature suggests, results should be even larger for different countries than for different cities. The methodology developed in the paper allows a finer explanation for understanding the relevance of borders in price dispersion.

Suggested Citation

  • Borraz, Fernando & Zipitría, Leandro, 2017. "Law of One Price, Distance, and Borders," GLO Discussion Paper Series 87, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:87
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Peter J. Klenow & Oleksiy Kryvtsov, 2008. "State-Dependent or Time-Dependent Pricing: Does it Matter for Recent U.S. Inflation?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 123(3), pages 863-904.
    2. Christian Broda & David E. Weinstein, 2008. "Understanding International Price Differences Using Barcode Data," NBER Working Papers 14017, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Thierry Mayer & Keith Head, 2002. "Illusory Border Effects: Distance Mismeasurement Inflates Estimates of Home Bias in Trade," Working Papers 2002-01, CEPII research center.
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    5. Fernando Borraz & Alberto Cavallo & Roberto Rigobon & Leandro Zipitria, 2016. "Distance and Political Boundaries: Estimating Border Effects under Inequality Constraints," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(1), pages 3-35, January.
    6. Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg & Michael M. Knetter, 1997. "Goods Prices and Exchange Rates: What Have We Learned?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(3), pages 1243-1272, September.
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    10. Coşar, A. Kerem & Grieco, Paul L.E. & Tintelnot, Felix, 2015. "Bias in estimating border- and distance-related trade costs: Insights from an oligopoly model," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 126(C), pages 147-149.
    11. MarioJ. Crucini & Mototsugu Shintani & Takayuki Tsuruga, 2010. "The Law of One Price without the Border: The Role of Distance versus Sticky Prices," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(544), pages 462-480, May.
    12. Fernando Borraz & Leandro Zipitría & Enrique López Enciso, 2013. "Price Setting in Retailing: the Case of Uruguay," Investigación Conjunta-Joint Research, in: Laura Inés D'Amato & Enrique López Enciso & María Teresa Ramírez Giraldo (ed.), Inflationary Dynamics, Persistence, and Prices and Wages Formation, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 9, pages 193-220, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, CEMLA.
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    Cited by:

    1. Andrés Bonino Gayoso, 2019. "Convergencia de precios en el largo plazo en Uruguay. Evidencia empírica para 4 bienes," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0119, Department of Economics - dECON.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    border effect; price dispersion; competition;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets

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