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Reformatory Policies and Factor Prices in a Developing Economy with Informal Sector

Author

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  • Mandal, Biswajit
  • Ghosh, Sujata

Abstract

Effects of different reformatory policies have always been a pulsating concern for the researchers and policy makers. Considering this concern, this paper attempts to check various effects of reformatory policies such as labor market reform, tariff cut, change in subsidy, bureaucratic reform in a typical small open economy comprising of both formal and informal sectors. It has been found that the implications of labor market reform and tariff liberalization for factor prices and wage disparity are distinctly opposite. However, skilled labor of the economy benefits from both labor market reform and export subsidy. Next we extend the basic model to bring in related corruption in the informal sector for its illegal nature. This calls for the existence of a sector which helps hassle free informal production. There we find that unskilled workers lose owing to both bureaucratic reform and labor market reform. Nevertheless, though traditionally labor market reform is supposed to harm workers, wage disparity gets ameliorated whereas tariff reform leads to worsening of it.

Suggested Citation

  • Mandal, Biswajit & Ghosh, Sujata, 2019. "Reformatory Policies and Factor Prices in a Developing Economy with Informal Sector," GLO Discussion Paper Series 367, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:367
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    International Trade; Wages; General Equilibrium; Economic Policy; Informal Sector; Extortion;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • D5 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium
    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F68 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Policy
    • D73 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption

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