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The genesis of the Black-Scholes option pricing formula

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  • Heimer, Thomas
  • Arend, Sebastian

Abstract

Innovations in the finance industry are an important tool to enhance profitability and to increase a nation's wealth. It, therefore, is not astonishing that there is much empirical work on innovations in finance. Most of the work however is concerned with the design of innovative products. The question on how innovations are established and pushed through in financial markets is mostly neglected. Hardly any asks: How do we develop new ways of pricing derivatives, how do we enhance risk control, how do we generate new processes that may enhance the profitability of finance business? The second sector innovation theory in the last decades has taken a different approach. To understand innovation better researchers have focused on the question on how innovations have been emerging. Studies on the history of innovations opened a promising line of research that helps to understand innovation processes much better (see Hughes 1983 und Callon 1986). A similar approach has yet not been adapted to innovation theories in financial markets.1 Accordingly it is the articles objective to evaluate the outcome of a transfer of innovation theories from the second into the third sector. The transfer is conducted on the example of the BlackScholes option pricing formula, an innovation with a strong influence on the efficiency of decisions in the option market. The article shows how the innovation emerged and what factors influenced the diffusion process.

Suggested Citation

  • Heimer, Thomas & Arend, Sebastian, 2008. "The genesis of the Black-Scholes option pricing formula," Frankfurt School - Working Paper Series 98, Frankfurt School of Finance and Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:fsfmwp:98
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Heidorn, Thomas & Hoppe, Christian & Kaiser, Dieter G., 2005. "Möglichkeiten der Strukturierung von Hedgefondsportfolios," Frankfurt School - Working Paper Series 68, Frankfurt School of Finance and Management.
    2. Demidova-Menzel, Nadeshda & Heidorn, Thomas, 2007. "Gold in the investment portfolio," Frankfurt School - Working Paper Series 87, Frankfurt School of Finance and Management.
    3. Ansgar Belke & Thorsten Polleit, 2005. "(How) Do Stock Market Returns React to Monetary Policy? - An ARDL Cointegration Analysis for Germany," Diskussionspapiere aus dem Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre der Universität Hohenheim 253/2005, Department of Economics, University of Hohenheim, Germany.
    4. Ansgar Belke & Thorsten Polleit, 2007. "How the ECB and the US Fed set interest rates," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(17), pages 2197-2209.
    5. Schanz, Kay-Michael & Richard, Jörg & Schalast, Christoph, 2004. "Unternehmen im Prime Standard staying public oder going private? Nutzenanalyse der Börsennotiz," Frankfurt School - Working Paper Series 60, Frankfurt School of Finance and Management.
    6. Schalast, Christoph & Ockens, Klaas & Jobe, Clemens J. & Safran, Robert, 2006. "Work-out und Servicing von notleidenden Krediten: Berichte und Referate des HfB-NPL Servicing Forums 2006," Frankfurt School - Working Paper Series 76, Frankfurt School of Finance and Management.
    7. Hirsch, Christian & Bannier, Christina E., 2007. "The economics of rating watchlists: Evidence from rating changes," CFS Working Paper Series 2008/02, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
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    9. Heidorn, Thomas & Gerhold, Mirko, 2004. "Investitionen und Emissionen von Convertible Bonds (Wandelanleihen)," Frankfurt School - Working Paper Series 50, Frankfurt School of Finance and Management.
    10. Böttger, Marc & Guthoff, Anja & Heidorn, Thomas, 2008. "Loss Given Default - Modelle zur Schätzung von Recovery Rates," Frankfurt School - Working Paper Series 96, Frankfurt School of Finance and Management.
    11. Schanz, Kay-Michael & Schalast, Christoph, 2006. "Wertpapierprospekte: Markteinführungspublizität nach EU-Prospektverordnung und Wertpapierprospektgesetz 2005," Frankfurt School - Working Paper Series 74, Frankfurt School of Finance and Management.
    12. Dickler, Robert A. & Schalast, Christoph, 2006. "Distressed debt in Germany: What's next? Possible innovative exit strategies," Frankfurt School - Working Paper Series 73, Frankfurt School of Finance and Management.
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    14. Bannier, Christina E. & Hänsel, Dennis N., 2007. "Determinants of banks' engagement in loan securitization," Frankfurt School - Working Paper Series 85, Frankfurt School of Finance and Management.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Innovation; finance; diffusion;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • P45 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - International Linkages

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