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The endogeneity approach of the theory of optimum currency areas: what does it mean for ASEAN + 3?


  • Löchel, Horst
  • Baumann, Stefan


The paper analyzes if and how the experiences of European integration can be used for the progress of East Asia integration especially of the ASEAN+3 countries1. Of special interest is the relevance of the new endogeneity approach of monetary integration for East Asia. The question is discussed in theoretical as well as in empirical terms. It can be shown that despite of the extensive gap between the level and the process of regional integration in Europe and East Asia there exist some conclusions of the endogeneity approach which can be useful for integration in East Asia as well. In practical terms it is concluded that monetary integration in East Asia could make progress via sub grouping of clusters of countries at best with the instrument of a kind of an 'Asian snake' similar to the European exchange rate system in the early 70's.

Suggested Citation

  • Löchel, Horst & Baumann, Stefan, 2006. "The endogeneity approach of the theory of optimum currency areas: what does it mean for ASEAN + 3?," Frankfurt School - Working Paper Series 70, Frankfurt School of Finance and Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:fsfmwp:70

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    Cited by:

    1. Inklaar, Robert & Koetter, Michael & Noth, Felix, 2012. "Who's afraid of big bad banks? Bank competition, SME, and industry growth," Frankfurt School - Working Paper Series 197, Frankfurt School of Finance and Management.

    More about this item


    Regional Integration; Optimum Currency Area; EMU; ASEAN + 3;

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations


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