IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/zbw/diedps/292018.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

(Re)negotiating refugee protection in Malaysia: implications for future policy in refugee management

Author

Listed:
  • Munir-Asen, Katrina

Abstract

Malaysia provides an interesting case study of the challenges of refugee integration, and the considerable implications of a country continuing to host refugees outside a refugee law framework and without a consistent refugee policy. The Malaysian government has not signed the 1951 United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, nor its 1967 Protocol, and is therefore under no obligation to comply with the substantive provisions of it. It has neither implemented relevant legislation nor consistent policy measures to (a) administer refugee status or (b) adequately meet refugees’ protection needs. Consequently, with the tacit agreement of the Malaysian government, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) carries out a significant role in the provision of protection activities in the country – along with civil society groups, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and community-based organisations (CBOs). This paper examines the policy context for refugees in Malaysia, unpacking (a) key challenges faced by refugees in the country, (b) the lessons that can be learned from current ways of working with refugees in non-camp/urban settings, and (c) how policy measures can be strengthened to most effectively protect refugees in the medium- to long-term and, essentially, to foster integration. The paper first considers the history of refugees in Malaysia, and current drivers of flight, before turning to legislation on, and policy implications for, the protection space. Why Malaysia becomes a destination country at all and the (in)formal structures in place to assist integration are discussed, with specific attention paid to the challenges and opportunities presented in urban environments. The paper concludes by providing key recommendations for development practitioners, researchers and policy-makers in the strengthening of refugee protection in Malaysia.

Suggested Citation

  • Munir-Asen, Katrina, 2018. "(Re)negotiating refugee protection in Malaysia: implications for future policy in refugee management," IDOS Discussion Papers 29/2018, German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:diedps:292018
    DOI: 10.23661/dp29.2018
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/199549/1/die-dp-2018-29.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://libkey.io/10.23661/dp29.2018?utm_source=ideas
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Funk, Evelyn & Groß, Lisa & Leininger, Julia & von Schiller, Armin, 2018. "Lessons learnt from impact-oriented accompanying research: potentials and limitations to rigorously assessing the impact of governance programmes," IDOS Discussion Papers 28/2018, German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS).
    2. James C. Simeon, 2017. "A New Protection Orientation and Framework for Refugees and Other Forced Migrants," Laws, MDPI, vol. 6(4), pages 1-24, December.
    3. Dick, Eva & Schraven, Benjamin, 2018. "Regional migration governance in Africa and beyond: a framework of analysis," IDOS Discussion Papers 9/2018, German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS).
    4. International Finance Corporation, 2014. "Indonesia Market Study," World Bank Publications - Reports 25415, The World Bank Group.
    5. Michele Tuccio, 2017. "Determinants of Intra-ASEAN Migration," Asian Development Review, MIT Press, vol. 34(1), pages 144-166, March.
    6. Tom Kramer, 2010. "Ethnic Conflict in Burma: The Challenge of Unity in a Divided Country," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Lowell Dittmer (ed.), Burma Or Myanmar? The Struggle For National Identity, chapter 3, pages 51-81, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    7. Sanjay K Mohanty & Golam Rasul & Bidhubhusan Mahapatra & Dhrupad Choudhury & Sabarnee Tuladhar & E. Valdemar Holmgren, 2018. "Multidimensional Poverty in Mountainous Regions: Shan and Chin in Myanmar," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 138(1), pages 23-44, July.
    8. Prakash Adhikari, 2013. "Conflict‐Induced Displacement, Understanding the Causes of Flight," American Journal of Political Science, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 57(1), pages 82-89, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Diego Esparza & Jessica Lucas & Enrique Martinez & James Meernik & Ignacio Molinero & Victoria Nevarez, 2020. "Movement of the people: Violence and internal displacement," International Area Studies Review, Center for International Area Studies, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, vol. 23(3), pages 233-250, September.
    2. Gorrín, Jesús & Morales-Arilla, José & Ricca, Bernardo, 2023. "Export side effects of wars on organized crime: The case of Mexico," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 144(C).
    3. Cunniffe, Emily & McCullough, Evie & Murphy, Keire & Quinn, Emma & Laurence, James & Rush, Kayla & McGinnity, Frances, 2022. "Explaining recent trends in international protection applications in Ireland," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number SUSTAT115, June.
    4. Dick, Eva & Schraven, Benjamin, 2019. "Towards a borderless Africa? Regional organisations and free movement of persons in West and North-East Africa," Briefing Papers 1/2019, German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS).
    5. Paul J. J. Welfens, 2020. "Trump’s Trade Policy, BREXIT, Corona Dynamics, EU Crisis and Declining Multilateralism," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 17(3), pages 563-634, July.
    6. Maria Paula Saffon & Fabio Sánchez, 2019. "Historical grievances and war dynamics: Old land conflicts as a cause of current forced displacements in Colombia," Documentos CEDE 17320, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.
    7. Crippa, Andrea & d'Agostino, Giorgio & Dunne, Paul & Pieroni, Luca, 2022. "Conflict as a Cause of Migration," MPRA Paper 112327, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Kohnert, Dirk, 2021. "Les relations entre l'ANASE et l'Afrique: vers un partenariat renouvelé ? [ASEAN and African relations: towards a renewed partnership ?]," MPRA Paper 110710, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Siksnelyte-Butkiene, Indre & Streimikiene, Dalia & Balezentis, Tomas, 2022. "Addressing sustainability issues in transition to carbon-neutral sustainable society with multi-criteria analysis," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 254(PA).
    10. Revkin, Mara Redlich & Ahram, Ariel I., 2020. "Perspectives on the rebel social contract: Exit, voice, and loyalty in the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 132(C).
    11. Fonner, Robert & Bohara, Alok K & Archambault, Stephen, 2018. "Migration Choices during Conflict in Nepal: Pull Forces and Landscape Interactions," International Journal of Development and Conflict, Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, vol. 8(2), pages 46-61.
    12. Takahiro Akita & Sachiko Miyata, 2020. "Urban and Rural Dimensions of the Role of Education in Inequality: A Comparative Analysis between Indonesia, Myanmar, and the Philippines," Working Papers EMS_2020_04, Research Institute, International University of Japan.
    13. Baydag, Rena Melis & Klingebiel, Stephan & Marschall, Paul, 2018. "Shaping the patterns of aid allocation: a comparative analysis of seven bilateral donors and the European Union," IDOS Discussion Papers 22/2018, German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS).
    14. Grimm, Sven & Gensch, Mareike Magdalena & Hauf, Johanna & Prenzel, Julia & Rehani, Nitja & Senz, Sarah & Vogel, Olivier, 2018. "The interface between research and policy-making in South Africa: exploring the institutional framework and practice of an uneasy relationship," IDOS Discussion Papers 19/2018, German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS).
    15. Bove,Vincenzo & Di Salvatore,Jessica & Elia,Leandro, 2022. "What it Takes to Return : UN Peacekeeping and the Safe Return of Displaced People," Policy Research Working Paper Series 10102, The World Bank.
    16. Daniele, Gianmarco & Le Moglie, Marco & Masera, Federico, 2023. "Pains, guns and moves: The effect of the U.S. opioid epidemic on Mexican migration," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 160(C).
    17. Diwakar KC & Tek Maraseni & Chubamenla Jamir & Ritendra Thapa Magar & Florencia Tuladhar, 2020. "Effectiveness of Gravity Goods Ropeways in market participation of smallholder farmers in uplands," Transportation, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 1393-1414, June.
    18. Joop Age Harm Adema & Cevat Giray Aksoy & Yvonne Giesing & Panu Poutvaara, 2023. "The Effect of Conflict on Ukrainian Refugees’ Return and Integration," CESifo Working Paper Series 10877, CESifo.
    19. Bandiera, Antonella, 2021. "Deliberate displacement during conflict: Evidence from Colombia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 146(C).
    20. Dick, Eva & Schraven, Benjamin, 2018. "Afrika ohne Grenzen? Regionalorganisationen und Personenfreizügigkeit in West- und Nordostafrika," Analysen und Stellungnahmen 13/2018, German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Flucht und Migration;

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:diedps:292018. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/ditubde.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.