Electoral Competiton and Optimal Tariffs
I show that the unique Nash equilibrium of a model of political competition between two parties in a Heckscher-Ohlin setting entails differentiated trade policies, with a party proposing a high tariff, and the other one a low one. The basic departure from a median voter model is the introduction of campaign contributions, which influence the vote of a group of uninformed voters. Parties are Downsian, not ideological, yet campaign contributions create an asymmetry between them. Thus, the heterogeneous behavior of parties, protectionism and pro-trade, is endogenously decided, rather than a prior assumed in previous works.
|Date of creation:||05 Sep 2005|
|Note:||Type of Document - pdf; pages: 24. Please contact the author for the detail mathematical proof if interested.|
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