The Demand for Money in an Open Economy: the Case of Malaysia
The purpose of this paper is to estimate the demand for money in Malaysia over the 1980:1-1994:10 period using cointegration and error correction methodology. The analysis shows that money balance, income, exchange rate, price and interest rate are cointegrated. Thus, the long- run demand for money balances for M1 is specified and estimated by using Johansen and Juselius Maximum likelihood cointegration method. The calculated errors from the long run money demand for M1 are then used in the error correction model of M1 demand. Hendry and Ericsson's general to specific procedure is used to reach the final form of the short-run dynamic demand for money. The explanatory variables that influence the money demand (M1) in the short run are income, expected inflation rate, 6-months mode deposit rate, expected rate of change of exchange rate, seasonal dummies, and the error correction from the long-run demand for money. Chow test shows that the estimated demand function remains stable over the 1980:1-1994:10 period. The findings, also, indicate the presence of currency substitution in Malaysia.
|Date of creation:||03 Jan 1998|
|Date of revision:|
|Note:||Type of Document - Word 6; prepared on IBM PC ; to print on HP; pages: 13|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://econwpa.repec.org|
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Peter C.B. Phillips & Pierre Perron, 1986.
"Testing for a Unit Root in Time Series Regression,"
Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers
795R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Sep 1987.
- Tom Doan, . "PPUNIT: RATS procedure to perform Phillips-Perron Unit Root test," Statistical Software Components RTS00160, Boston College Department of Economics.
- Phillips, P.C.B., 1986. "Testing for a Unit Root in Time Series Regression," Cahiers de recherche 8633, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
- Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
- Peter C.B. Phillips, 1985.
"Time Series Regression with a Unit Root,"
Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers
740R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Feb 1986.
- Perron, P., 1986.
"Trends and Random Walks in Macroeconomic Time Series: Further Evidence From a New Approach,"
Cahiers de recherche
8650, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
- Perron, Pierre, 1988. "Trends and random walks in macroeconomic time series : Further evidence from a new approach," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 297-332.
- Mohsen Bahmani-Oskooee & Miquel-Angel Galindo Martin & Farhang Niroomand, 1998. "Exchange rate sensitivity of the demand for money in Spain," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(5), pages 607-612.
- Arango, Sebastian & Ishaq Nadiri, M., 1981. "Demand for money in open economies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 69-83.
- Mehra, Yash P, 1993. "The Stability of the M2 Demand Function: Evidence from an Error-Correction Model," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 25(3), pages 455-60, August.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpif:9801001. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (EconWPA)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.