On Tail Index Estimation for Dependent, Heterogenous Data
In this paper we analyze the asymptotic properties of the popular distribution tail index estimator by B. Hill (1975) for possibly heavy- tailed, heterogenous, dependent processes. We prove the Hill estimator is weakly consistent for processes with extremes that form mixingale sequences, and asymptotically normal for processes with extremes that are near-epoch-dependent on the extremes of a mixing process. Our limit theory covers infinitely many ARFIMA and FIGARCH processes, stochastic recurrence equations, and simple bilinear processes. Moreover, we develop a simple non-parametric kernel estimator of the asymptotic variance of the Hill estimator, and prove consistency for extremal-NED processes.
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