IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Competitive Advantages of the Beira Interior (Portugal): A TOWS Approach


  • Joao Ferreira

    (Universidade da Beira Interior)

  • Joao Leitao

    (Universidade da Beira Interior)

  • Mario Raposo

    (Universidade da Beira Interior)


The formulation of a competitive strategy implies an extended understanding, in terms of the industrial structures, of the mains fields where the nations compete and those structures evolve. The environmental conditions of a region, and of its industries, determine both the generic strategies, and the alternative strategies, which are already implemented. One of the instruments for strategic analysis, which combines external variables and internal variables, is the TOWS Matrix. This instrument allows the analysis of the present strategies, and the relationship between the variables, and also the presentation of proposals for alternative strategies, in order to identify or to reinforce the competitive advantages of the unit of analysis. Considering as unit of analysis the region of Beira Interior (Portugal), this article aims to provide a TOWS Matrix application. Several strategic alternatives for the region are, also, presented, taking into consideration the opportunities and the forces, previously, detected, in order to assure the transition for the ideal strategic quadrant. Finally, the conclusions and the guidelines for future research are presented.

Suggested Citation

  • Joao Ferreira & Joao Leitao & Mario Raposo, 2005. "Competitive Advantages of the Beira Interior (Portugal): A TOWS Approach," Development and Comp Systems 0509022, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpdc:0509022
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 16

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pedro carvalho & João Leitão & Andrea Silva, 2001. "Desenvolvimento Rural na Sociedade do Conhecimento," Working Papers de Gestão, Economia e Marketing (Management, Economics and Marketing Working Papers) 11/2001, Universidade da Beira Interior, Departamento de Gestão e Economia (Portugal).
    2. Chandler, Gaylen N. & Hanks, Steven H., 1994. "Market attractiveness, resource-based capabilities, venture strategies, and venture performance," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 331-349, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Teofana Valentinova Dimitrova & Kiril Desev, 2018. "Strategic Analysis through the Combination of SWOT, AHP and TOWS (A Case Study on the Neurological Ward in the MHAT “Saint Panteleymon” – Plovdiv)," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 3, pages 67-90.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Westhead, Paul & Wright, Mike & Ucbasaran, Deniz, 2001. "The internationalization of new and small firms: A resource-based view," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 333-358, July.
    2. Zahra, Shaker A., 1996. "Technology strategy and new venture performance: A study of corporate-sponsored and independent biotechnology ventures," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 289-321, July.
    3. Mohamed Zain & Norizan Kassim & Nasser Kadasah, 2017. "Isn’T It Now A Crucial Time For Saudi Arabian Firms To Be More Innovative And Competitive?," International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 21(03), pages 1-22, April.
    4. Wu Zhan & Roger Chen & M. Erramilli & Duc Nguyen, 2009. "Acquisition of organizational capabilities and competitive advantage of IJVs in transition economies: The case of Vietnam," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 26(2), pages 285-308, June.
    5. Danny Soetanto & Sarah L. Jack, 2018. "Slack resources, exploratory and exploitative innovation and the performance of small technology-based firms at incubators," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 43(5), pages 1213-1231, October.
    6. Libaers, Dirk & Meyer, Martin, 2011. "Highly innovative small technology firms, industrial clusters and firm internationalization," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(10), pages 1426-1437.
    7. Benyamin M. Bergmann Lichtenstein & Candida G. Brush, 2001. "How Do “Resource Bundles†Develop and Change in New Ventures? A Dynamic Model and Longitudinal Exploration," Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, , vol. 25(3), pages 37-58, April.
    8. Asma Zgarni & Gharbi Lamia, 2019. "The Impact of Competition Intensity and Strategic Capabilities on Competitive Strategic Business Choices: The Case of Tunisian Manufacturing Industries," International Review of Management and Marketing, Econjournals, vol. 9(1), pages 144-151.
    9. Azevedo, Susana & Ferreira, João, 2007. "The Linkage Between Lis And Rbv For Sustained Competitive Advantage: An Integrated Conceptual Model," MPRA Paper 5648, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Azevedo, Susana & Ferreira, João, 2008. "Competitiveness Of The Port Of Sines: The Rbv Contribution," MPRA Paper 6866, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Bradley, Steven W. & Wiklund, Johan & Shepherd, Dean A., 2011. "Swinging a double-edged sword: The effect of slack on entrepreneurial management and growth," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 537-554, September.
    12. James J. Chrisman & Jess H. Chua & Franz Kellermanns, 2009. "Priorities, Resource Stocks, and Performance in Family and Nonfamily Firms," Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, , vol. 33(3), pages 739-760, May.
    13. Westhead, Paul & Wright, Mike & Ucbasaran, Deniz, 2002. "International market selection strategies selected by 'micro' and 'small' firms," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 51-68, February.
    14. Augustine Yao Dzathor, 2013. "Do Business Demographics Matter to Nascent Venture Performance? A Longitudinal Evidence from the Kauffman Firm Survey," International Journal of Business and Social Research, MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, vol. 3(8), pages 44-56, August.
    15. Florin, Juan, 2005. "Is venture capital worth it? Effects on firm performance and founder returns," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 113-135, January.
    16. A. Arrighetti & A. Ninni, 2009. "Firm size and growth opportunities: a survey," Economics Department Working Papers 2009-EP05, Department of Economics, Parma University (Italy).
    17. Najib Ullah Khan & Shuangjie Li & Muhammad Nabeel Safdar & Zia Ullah Khan, 2019. "The Role of Entrepreneurial Strategy, Network Ties, Human and Financial Capital in New Venture Performance," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 12(1), pages 1-16, March.
    18. Edelman, Linda F. & Brush, Candida G. & Manolova, Tatiana, 2005. "Co-alignment in the resource-performance relationship: strategy as mediator," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 359-383, May.
    19. Muhammad Anwar & Sher Zaman Khan & Najib Ullah Khan, 2018. "Intellectual Capital, Entrepreneurial Strategy and New Ventures Performance: Mediating Role of Competitive Advantage," Business & Economic Review, Institute of Management Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan, vol. 10(1), pages 63-94, March.
    20. Tatiana Manolova & Linda Edelman & Candida Brush & Beate Rotefoss, 2012. "Properties of emerging organizations: empirical evidence from Norway," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 39(3), pages 763-781, October.

    More about this item


    Strategy; TOWS Matrix; Entrepreneurship; Innovation.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • M0 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - General
    • M1 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpdc:0509022. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: EconWPA (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.