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The Santa Fe Artificial Stock Market Re-Examined - Suggested Corrections

Author

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  • Norman Ehrentreich

    (Martin-Luther University of Halle- Wittenberg)

Abstract

This paper rectifies a design problem in the Santa Fe Artificial Stock Market Model. Due to a faulty mutation operator, the resulting bit distribution in the classifier system was systematically upwardly biased, thus suggesting increased levels of technical trading for smaller GA-invocation intervals. The corrected version partly supports the Marimon-Sargent-Hypothesis that adaptive classifier agents in an artificial stock market will always discover the homogeneous rational expectation equilibrium. While agents always find the correct solution of non-bit usage, analyzing the time series data still suggests the existence of two different regimes depending on learning speed. Finally, classifier systems and neural networks as data mining techniques in artificial stock markets are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Norman Ehrentreich, 2002. "The Santa Fe Artificial Stock Market Re-Examined - Suggested Corrections," Computational Economics 0209001, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpco:0209001
    Note: Type of Document - Adobe-Pdf; prepared on LaTex on IBM PC (Windows); to print on Postscript; pages: 22; figures: included. submitted to the Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Joshi, Shareen & Parker, Jeffrey & Bedau, Mark A, 2002. "Financial Markets Can Be at Sub-optimal Equilibria," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 19(1), pages 5-23, February.
    2. Arthur, W.B. & Holland, J.H. & LeBaron, B. & Palmer, R. & Tayler, P., 1996. "Asset Pricing Under Endogenous Expectations in an Artificial Stock Market," Working papers 9625, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
    3. Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro & Wright, Randall, 1989. "On Money as a Medium of Exchange," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 927-954, August.
    4. LeBaron, Blake & Arthur, W. Brian & Palmer, Richard, 1999. "Time series properties of an artificial stock market," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 23(9-10), pages 1487-1516, September.
    5. Brock, W.A. & Dechert, W.D. & LeBaron, B. & Scheinkman, J.A., 1995. "A Test for Independence Based on the Correlation Dimension," Working papers 9520, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
    6. Shareen Joshi & Jeffrey Parker & Mark A. Bedau, 1998. "Technical Trading Creates a Prisoner's Dilemma: Results from an Agent-Based Model," Research in Economics 98-12-115e, Santa Fe Institute.
    7. Riechmann, Thomas, 2001. "Genetic algorithm learning and evolutionary games," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 25(6-7), pages 1019-1037, June.
    8. Marimon, Ramon & McGrattan, Ellen & Sargent, Thomas J., 1990. "Money as a medium of exchange in an economy with artificially intelligent agents," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 329-373, May.
    9. Chen, Shu-Heng & Lux, Thomas & Marchesi, Michele, 2001. "Testing for non-linear structure in an artificial financial market," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 327-342, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Germán Creamer, 2012. "Model calibration and automated trading agent for Euro futures," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(4), pages 531-545, December.
    2. Haijun Yang & Harry Wang & Gui Sun & Li Wang, 2015. "A comparison of U.S and Chinese financial market microstructure: heterogeneous agent-based multi-asset artificial stock markets approach," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 25(5), pages 901-924, November.
    3. José Manuel Galán & Luis R. Izquierdo & Segismundo S. Izquierdo & José Ignacio Santos & Ricardo del Olmo & Adolfo López-Paredes & Bruce Edmonds, 2009. "Errors and Artefacts in Agent-Based Modelling," Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, vol. 12(1), pages 1-1.
    4. LeBaron, Blake, 2006. "Agent-based Computational Finance," Handbook of Computational Economics,in: Leigh Tesfatsion & Kenneth L. Judd (ed.), Handbook of Computational Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 24, pages 1187-1233 Elsevier.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Asset Pricing; Learning; Financial Time Series; Genetic Algorithms; Classifier Systems; Agent-Based Simulation;

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness

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