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Earnings of Black and White Youth and Their Relation to Poverty


  • P. M. Gleason
  • G. G. Cain


This paper examines the relation between youth employment and poverty for black and white families. An increase in the employment proportions of black men ages 16–19, which have lagged far behind their white counterparts, would reduce poverty among blacks to a moderate but meaningful degree. We provide evidence of a small positive feedback relation between black youth employment and family incomes that would magnify gains in both variables if either variable were increased. We also provide evidence that improvements in labor market conditions that affect youth employment, in the educational attainments of black youth, and in other policy-related variables would raise both youth employment and their family incomes.

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  • P. M. Gleason & G. G. Cain, "undated". "Earnings of Black and White Youth and Their Relation to Poverty," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 1138-97, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
  • Handle: RePEc:wop:wispod:1138-97

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Welch, Finis, 1990. "The Employment of Black Men," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 8(1), pages 26-74, January.
    2. Robert I. Lerman, 1986. "Do Welfare Programs Affect the Schooling and Work Patterns of Young Black Men?," NBER Chapters,in: The Black Youth Employment Crisis, pages 403-441 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Cain, Glen G & Finnie, Ross E, 1990. "The Black-White Difference in Youth Employment: Evidence for Demand-Side Factors," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 8(1), pages 364-395, January.
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