IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Application of Multi-Criteria Analysis to Urban Land-Use Planning


  • K. Matsuhashi


It is generally agreed that developed countries should reduce their energy consumption, which directly and indirectly causes climate change and other global issues. Therefore, it is necessary to improve urban land-use planning in order to decrease energy consumption while maintaining a desirable lifestyle, although optimization of urban land-use is difficult because it includes many conflicting objectives. Multi-criteria model analysis can be used to help analyze such complex problems. In such an analysis, decision variables are the shares of floor area allocated to a certain type of building and at a certain type of district. Building types vary in the heights described as the ratio of the building area to the floor area. District types vary in the density described as the ratio of the district area to the floor area. In the primary model, three criteria will be considered: minimizing the energy consumption for transportation and construction of buildings, maximizing the area of open spaces in the city, and maximizing the area of natural and agricultural land-use outside the city. After the case study using the test data set of Tokyo, I obtained the following results. This analysis can help to plan the adequate urban land-use that solves various trade-offs between conflicting objectives.

Suggested Citation

  • K. Matsuhashi, 1997. "Application of Multi-Criteria Analysis to Urban Land-Use Planning," Working Papers ir97091, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:wop:iasawp:ir97091

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. P Nijkamp, 1982. "Soft multicriteria analysis as a tool in urban land-use planning," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 9(2), pages 197-208, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. A.P. Wierzbicki, 1998. "Reference Point Methods in Vector Optimization and Decision Support," Working Papers ir98017, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
    2. G. Fischer & J. Granat & M. Makowski, 1998. "AEZWIN An Interactive Multiple-Criteria Analysis Tool for Land Resources Appraisal," Working Papers ir98051, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
    3. J. Granat & M. Makowski, 1998. "ISAAP - Interactive Specification and Analysis of Aspiration-Based Preferences," Working Papers ir98052, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
    4. Granat, Janusz & Makowski, Marek, 2000. "Interactive specification and analysis of aspiration-based preferences," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 122(2), pages 469-485, April.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wop:iasawp:ir97091. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Thomas Krichel). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.