Growth Dynamics and Social Inequality in European Regions
The debate over Growth, regional disparities and social inequalities within the European Union (EU) has originated much attention amongst academics and policy makers. This is only so, as there is a clear causal relationship between these and quality of life in general. Public intervention, which can and have been directed both at the supply and the demand side of the economy, has proved necessary, although insuficient as market forces per se have proven inefficient in terms of resource allocation. The objective of the present paper is to analyse, at the regional level, trends in income levels per capita, human capital measured with an education proxy, material deprivation and general well-being. Markov transition matrices will first be used to compare cluster dynamics, using local indicators of spatial autocorrelation (following Rey, 2001). This analysis will be extended to include analysis of within-quadrant movements. A growth model including human capital and material deprivation allowing for spatial lags will be used to evaluate te impact of education and poverty on income levels. The dataset used is taken from the Cambridge Econometrics database, Eurostat and the European Social Survey, for a total of 192 NUTS2 EU regions.
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- Sergio Rey & Brett Montouri, 1999. "US Regional Income Convergence: A Spatial Econometric Perspective," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(2), pages 143-156.
- Robert M. Solow, 1956. "A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(1), pages 65-94.
- Poortinga, Wouter, 2006. "Social capital: An individual or collective resource for health?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 292-302, January.
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