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Regional Income Inequality and Convergence Processes in the EU-25

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  • Paas, Tiiu
  • Schlitte, Friso

Abstract

This paper deals with the development of regional income disparities and convergence processes in the countries of the European Union. Overall, 861 regions – mainly at the regional level NUTS-3 – of the EU enlarged in May 2004 are analysed for the period 1995 - 2003. We use the two classical concepts of s – and ß-convergence. Furthermore, spatial econometric methods were applied in order to identify existing spatial interaction and to control effects of spatial autocorrelation. The analyses show that poorer regions mainly situated in the European periphery have tended to grow faster than the relatively rich European core regions. However, this catching-up process has been painfully slow and it has been driven mainly by national factors. Particularly, national growth rates in the new member states have been dominated by very dynamic metropolitan areas that had experienced relatively high income levels already at the outset in 1995. As a consequence, in the course of a general catching-up process, regional disparities within the new member countries have increased.

Suggested Citation

  • Paas, Tiiu & Schlitte, Friso, 2006. "Regional Income Inequality and Convergence Processes in the EU-25," HWWA Discussion Papers 355, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:355
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    Cited by:

    1. Johanna Vogel, 2012. "Agglomeration and Growth: Evidence from the Regions of Central and Eastern Europe," ERSA conference papers ersa12p1089, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Fabiano COMPAGNUCCI & Augusto CUSINATO, 2011. "Industrial Districts and the City: Relationships in the Knowledge Age. Evidence from the Italian Case," Working Papers 365, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    3. János Pénzes & Zoltán Bujdosó & Lóránt Dávid & Zsolt Radics & Gábor Kozma, 2014. "Differing development paths of spatial income inequalities after the political transition — by the example of Hungary and its regions," Economy of region, Centre for Economic Security, Institute of Economics of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, vol. 1(1), pages 73-84.
    4. Laixiang Sun & Eunsuk Hong & Tao Li, 2010. "Incorporating Technology Diffusion, Factor Mobility And Structural Change Into Cross-Region Growth Regression: An Application To China," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(3), pages 734-755.
    5. Jan Nevima & Ingrid Majerová, 2015. "Application of ß – Convergence Approach in Visegrad Four Regions," Working Papers 0004, Silesian University, School of Business Administration.
    6. Schwengler, Barbara, 2013. "Einfluss der europäischen Regionalpolitik auf die deutsche Regionalförderung," IAB Discussion Paper 201318, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
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    12. Mihaela Simionescu, 2014. "The Beta-convergence Analysis and Regional Disparities in EU-28," ACTA VSFS, University of Finance and Administration, vol. 8(2), pages 167-177.
    13. Christ, Julian P., 2010. "Geographic concentration and spatial inequality: Two decades of EPO patenting at the level of European micro regions," Violette Reihe: Schriftenreihe des Promotionsschwerpunkts "Globalisierung und Beschäftigung" 32/2010, University of Hohenheim, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Evangelisches Studienwerk.
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    24. Egle Tafenau & Tiiu Paas, 2011. "Regional inequality and economic growth: interactions of the relationship with the level of economic development and speed of growth," ERSA conference papers ersa10p938, European Regional Science Association.
    25. Tiiu Paas, 2012. "Regional Disparities And Innovations In Europe," ERSA conference papers ersa12p80, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    regional inequality; convergence; EU-25; regional interactions; spatial econometrics;

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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