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An Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis of European Regional Disparities, 1980–1995

In: European Regional Growth


  • Cem Ertur

    (University of Burgundy)

  • Julie Gallo

    (University of Burgundy)


European integration has stimulated numerous studies of regional economic convergence within the European Union in recent macroeconomic and regional science literature (e.g. Abraham and Von Rompuy 1995; Armstrong 1995a; Neven and Gouyette 1995; Martin 2001). Most of the time, the empirical methods that have been used are identical to the methods employed in international studies. However, spatial effects, particularly spatial autocorrelation and spatial heterogeneity, must be taken into account when analyzing the convergence process at regional scale. There are number of factors — trade between regions, technology, knowledge diffusion and more generally regional spillovers — that lead to geographically dependent regions. Because of spatial interactions between regions, geographical location is important in accounting for the economic performances of regions. Yet for all its importance, the role of spatial effects in convergence processes has only been recently examined using the appropriate spatial statistic and econometric methods (Armstrong 1995b; Fingleton 1999; López-Bazo et al. 1999, for European regions; Rey and Montouri 1999; Rey 2001, for US states).

Suggested Citation

  • Cem Ertur & Julie Gallo, 2003. "An Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis of European Regional Disparities, 1980–1995," Advances in Spatial Science, in: Bernard Fingleton (ed.), European Regional Growth, chapter 2, pages 55-97, Springer.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:adspcp:978-3-662-07136-6_3
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-07136-6_3

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    1. Roberto Patuelli & Norbert Schanne & Daniel A. Griffith & Peter Nijkamp, 2012. "Persistence Of Regional Unemployment: Application Of A Spatial Filtering Approach To Local Labor Markets In Germany," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(2), pages 300-323, May.
    2. Nicola Cortinovis & Frank Oort, 2015. "Variety, economic growth and knowledge intensity of European regions: a spatial panel analysis," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 55(1), pages 7-32, October.
    3. Friso Schlitte & Tiiu Paas, 2008. "Regional Income Inequality and Convergence Processes in the EU-25," SCIENZE REGIONALI, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2008(Suppl. 2), pages 29-49.
    4. Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés & Tselios, Vassilis & Winkler, Deborah & Farole, Thomas, 2013. "Geography and the Determinants of Firm Exports in Indonesia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 225-240.
    5. Völlmecke, Dominik & Jindra, Björn & Marek, Philipp, 2016. "FDI, human capital and income convergence—Evidence for European regions," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 288-307.
    6. Maria ABREU & Henri L.F. DE GROOT & Raymond J.G.M. FLORAX, 2005. "Space And Growth: A Survey Of Empirical Evidence And Methods," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 21, pages 13-44.
    7. Melanie Rapino & Benjamin Spaulding & Dean M. Hanink, 2006. "Have Per Capita Earnings and Income Converged across New England?," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(4), pages 620-637, December.
    8. Matías Mayor & Roberto Patuelli, 2012. "Short-Run Regional Forecasts: Spatial Models through Varying Cross-Sectional and Temporal Dimensions," Advances in Spatial Science, in: Esteban Fernández Vázquez & Fernando Rubiera Morollón (ed.), Defining the Spatial Scale in Modern Regional Analysis, edition 127, chapter 0, pages 173-192, Springer.
    9. George Petrakos & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose & Antonis Rovolis, 2005. "Growth, Integration, and Regional Disparities in the European Union," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 37(10), pages 1837-1855, October.
    10. Amara Mohamed, 2014. "Gibrat's Law and peer group effect: the case of Tunisian small manufacturing companies," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 34(1), pages 373-384.
    11. Mattera, Raffaele & Franses, Philip Hans, 2023. "Are African business cycles synchronized? Evidence from spatio-temporal modeling," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 128(C).
    12. Vassilis Tselios & Demetris Stathakis, 2020. "Exploring regional and urban clusters and patterns in Europe using satellite observed lighting," Environment and Planning B, , vol. 47(4), pages 553-568, May.
    13. Maria Abreu & Henri L.F. de Groot & Raymond J.G.M. Florax, 2004. "Space and Growth," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 04-129/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    14. Yannis PSYCHARIS & Antonis ROVOLIS & Vassilis TSELIOS & Panayotis PANTAZIS, 2014. "Economic Crisis And Regional Development In Greece," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 39, pages 67-85.
    15. Ana Clara M. Moura & Bráulio M. Fonseca, 2020. "ESDA (Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis) of Vegetation Cover in Urban Areas—Recognition of Vulnerabilities for the Management of Resources in Urban Green Infrastructure," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(5), pages 1-22, March.
    16. Debarsy, Nicolas & Yang, Zhenlin, 2018. "Editorial for the special issue entitled: New advances in spatial econometrics: Interactions matter," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 1-5.
    17. Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés & Tselios, Vassilis, 2007. "Analysis of Educational Distribution in Europe: Educational Attainment and Inequality Within Regions," Papers DYNREG08, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    18. Stella Karoulia & Eleni Gaki, 2013. "The impact of economic crisis on Greek regions and the importance of regional resilience," ERSA conference papers ersa13p1015, European Regional Science Association.


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