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Effects of revenue use and perceived effectiveness on acceptability of transport pricing policies


  • Geertje Schuitema


  • Linda Steg


  • Charles Vlek


  • Talib Rothengatter



Car use causes various collective problems, such congestion and increasing CO2-emmisions. One way to manage these problems is to influence peopleÂ’s car use. Pricing policies aimed at making car use more expensive, such as implementing congestion or kilometre charges, may be effective strategies to influence peopleÂ’s car use. However, significant pricing policies are not easily implemented, since they are not acceptable to the public. Acceptability levels may dependent on the type of pricing policy being implemented. In this study we examined two policy characteristics that may affect the acceptability of pricing policies: revenue use and price level. It is hypothesised that pricing policies are more acceptable if price increases are rather low, and if revenues benefit individual car users rather than the general public. Further, we examined the relationship between policy acceptability and effectiveness. On the one hand we assume that policies are not acceptable if they are not effective in changing peopleÂ’s car use. In that case, people experience the disadvantages of the policies while at the same time problems resulting from car use, such as congestion, are not being solved. On the other hand, policies that are very effective in changing oneÂ’s own car use are probably also not acceptable, because this seriously threatens peopleÂ’s freedom to move. Thus, we hypothesise policies are acceptable if they reduce the problems of car use, without seriously affecting peopleÂ’s own car use and freedom of choice.

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  • Geertje Schuitema & Linda Steg & Charles Vlek & Talib Rothengatter, 2005. "Effects of revenue use and perceived effectiveness on acceptability of transport pricing policies," ERSA conference papers ersa05p719, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa05p719

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Odeck, James & Bråthen, Svein, 2002. "Toll financing in Norway: The success, the failures and perspectives for the future," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 253-260, July.
    2. Harrington, Winston & Krupnick, Alan J. & Alberini, Anna, 2001. "Overcoming public aversion to congestion pricing," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 87-105, February.
    3. Jakobsson, C. & Fujii, S. & Gärling, T., 2000. "Determinants of private car users' acceptance of road pricing," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 153-158, April.
    4. Schade, Jens & Schlag, Bernhard, 2000. "Acceptability of Urban Transport Pricing," Research Reports 72, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hsu, Shi-Ling & Walters, Joshua & Purgas, Anthony, 2008. "Pollution tax heuristics: An empirical study of willingness to pay higher gasoline taxes," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(9), pages 3612-3619, September.

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