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European Urban Growth - throwing some Economic Light into the Black Box

  • Paul Cheshire

    ()

  • Stefano Magrini

    ()

This paper investigates growth differences in the urban system of the EU12 between the means of 1978/80 and 1992/94. Models in which growth of real GDP p.c. is the dependent variable perform well and make it possible to test significant hypotheses. The analysis supports the conclusion that systems of urban governance are strongly related to growth. The variables are formulated in a way which tests hypotheses derived from ‘fiscal federalism’ viewing growth promotion as the production of a local public good. Evidence is also found supporting a spatial adaptation of the endogenous growth model with the relative size of the university sector having a highly significant role in explaining growth differences. Careful testing for spatial dependence reveals that national borders are significant barriers to adjustment but including explicit spatial effects resolves the specification problems. Density of urbanisation in some parts of the EU12 produces a local ‘growth shadow’ effect consistent with dynamic agglomeration economies and with commuting flows having an important role in spatial economic adjustment processes where cities are densely packed. In addition, evidence is found supporting the conclusion that integration shocks in the EU favour core areas but that this effect tends to fade with time.

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File URL: http://www-sre.wu-wien.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa05/papers/13.pdf
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Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa05p13.

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Date of creation: Aug 2005
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa05p13
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  1. Paul Cheshire & Stefano Magrini, 2006. "Population growth in European cities: Weather matters - but only nationally," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(1), pages 23-37.
  2. Barro, R.J., 1988. "Government Spending In A Simple Model Of Endogenous Growth," RCER Working Papers 130, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  3. Romer, Paul M, 1990. "Endogenous Technological Change," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages S71-102, October.
  4. Paul Cheshire, 2000. "Endogenous Processes in European Regional Growth: Convergence and Policy," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(4), pages 455-479.
  5. Glaeser, E.L. & Scheinkman, J.A., 1993. "Economic Growth in a Cross-Section of Cities," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1645, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  6. Barro, Robert J & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Convergence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(2), pages 223-51, April.
  7. Levine, Ross & Renelt, David, 1992. "A Sensitivity Analysis of Cross-Country Growth Regressions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(4), pages 942-63, September.
  8. Levine, Ross & Zervos, Sara J, 1993. "What We Have Learned about Policy and Growth from Cross-Country Regressions?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 426-30, May.
  9. Rodriguez-Pose, Andres, 1998. "Dynamics of Regional Growth in Europe: Social and Political Factors," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198233831, March.
  10. Ciccone, Antonio & Hall, Robert E, 1996. "Productivity and the Density of Economic Activity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(1), pages 54-70, March.
  11. Roback, Jennifer, 1982. "Wages, Rents, and the Quality of Life," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(6), pages 1257-78, December.
  12. Paul_Cheshire & Stefano_Magrini, 2004. "Population Growth in European Cities: weather matters – but only nationally," Urban/Regional 0410001, EconWPA.
  13. Robert J. Barro & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1991. "Convergence across States and Regions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(1), pages 107-182.
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