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Unemployment fluctuations, and optimal monetary policy in a small open economy

  • Hyuk Jae Rhee


    (Department of Economics, University of Windsor)

  • Jeongseok Song


    (Department of Economics,Chung-Ang University)

In this paper, we incorporate key ingredients of a small open economy into the New Keynesian model with unemployment of Gali (2011a,b) to discuss the design of the monetary policy. The main findings regarding the issue of monetary policy design can be summarized as threefold. First, the optimal policy is to seek to minimize variance of domestic price inflation, wage inflation, and the output gap if both domestic price and wage are sticky. Second, stabilizing unemployment rate is important to reduce the welfare loss incurred by both technology and labor supply shocks. Therefore, introducing the unemployment rate as an another argument into the Taylor-rule type interest rate rule will be welfare-enhancing. Last, controlling CPI inflation is the best when the policy is not allowed to respond to unemployment rate.

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Paper provided by University of Windsor, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 1309.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 28 Aug 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wis:wpaper:1309
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  1. Carlos Thomas, 2006. "Search and matching frictions and optimal monetary policy," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 19782, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  2. Olivier Blanchard & Jordi Galí, 2006. "Labor markets and monetary policy: A new-Keynesian model with unemployement," Economics Working Papers 1076, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Mar 2008.
  3. Galí, Jordi & Monacelli, Tommaso, 2002. "Monetary Policy and Exchange Rate Volatility in a Small Open Economy," CEPR Discussion Papers 3346, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Andrew Levin & Christopher J. Erceg & Dale W. Henderson, 1999. "Optimal Monetary Policy with Staggered Wage and Price Contracts," Computing in Economics and Finance 1999 1151, Society for Computational Economics.
  5. Karlygash Kuralbayeva, 2011. "Inflation Persistence and Exchange Rate Regime: Implications for dynamic adjustment to shocks in a small open economy," OxCarre Working Papers 063, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
  6. Clarida, Richard & Gali, Jordi & Gertler, Mark, 2002. "A simple framework for international monetary policy analysis," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(5), pages 879-904, July.
  7. Faia, Ester, 2008. "Optimal monetary policy rules with labor market frictions," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 1600-1621, May.
  8. Faia, Ester, 2009. "Ramsey monetary policy with labor market frictions," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 570-581, May.
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