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The Green Revolution: An End of Century Perspective


  • Douglas Gollin
  • Stephen Parente
  • Robert Evenson
  • Douglas Gollin

    () (Williams College)


This paper reports the results of a major study of the impact of international agricultural research, covering eleven crops in all major regions of the developing world, over the period 1960-2000. Although much of the "common wisdom" concerning the Green Revolution suggests that gains from research were limited to rice and wheat in Asia and Latin America, we find evidence of far broader impacts, extending essentially to all crops and regions. There are important differences, however, in the extent of these impacts. We explore these differences and assess the overall impact of research-driven improvements in technology.

Suggested Citation

  • Douglas Gollin & Stephen Parente & Robert Evenson & Douglas Gollin, 2002. "The Green Revolution: An End of Century Perspective," Center for Development Economics 171, Department of Economics, Williams College.
  • Handle: RePEc:wil:wilcde:171

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pardey, Philip G. & Alston, Julian M. & Christian, Jason E. & Fan, Shenggen., 1996. "Hidden harvest," Food policy reports 6, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    Cited by:

    1. Chen, Adam Zhuo & Huffman, Wallace E. & Rozelle, Scott, 2003. "Technical Efficiency Of Chinese Grain Production: A Stochastic Production Frontier Approach," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 22116, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).

    More about this item


    agriculture; Green Revolution; international research; plant breeding; genetic improvement;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services


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