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Pesticide poisoning of farm workers : implications of blood test results from Vietnam

Author

Listed:
  • Dasgupta, Susmita
  • Meisner, Craig
  • Wheeler, David
  • Nhan Thi Lam
  • Khuc Xuyen

Abstract

In this paper, the authors have assessed the incidence and determinants of pesticide poisoning among rice farmers in Vietnam's Mekong Delta. Blood cholinesterase tests suggest that the incidence of poisoning from exposure to organophosphates and carbamates is quite high in Vietnam. Using the medical test results as benchmarks, the authors find that farmers'self-reported symptoms have very weak associations with actual poisoning. Regression analysis of blood tests reveals a lower incidence of poisoning for farmers who avoid the most toxic pesticides and use protective items. The authors also find very large provincial differences in poisoning incidence after they control for individual factors. The results highlight the potential importance of negative externalities, and suggest that future research on pesticide-related damage should include information on local water, air, and soil contamination.

Suggested Citation

  • Dasgupta, Susmita & Meisner, Craig & Wheeler, David & Nhan Thi Lam & Khuc Xuyen, 2005. "Pesticide poisoning of farm workers : implications of blood test results from Vietnam," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3624, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3624
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    File URL: http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2005/06/06/000012009_20050606125630/Rendered/PDF/wps36240rev.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Maureen L. Cropper, 1994. "Economic and Health Consequences of Pesticide Use in Developing Country Agriculture: Discussion," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 76(3), pages 605-607.
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    Cited by:

    1. Devi, P. Indira, 2009. "Pesticide Application and Occupational Health Risks Among Farm Workers in Kerala-An Analysis Using Dose Response Function," Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Indian Society of Agricultural Economics, vol. 64(4).
    2. Indira Devi P, 2007. "Pesticide Use in the Rice Bowl of Kerala: Health Costs and Policy Options," Working Papers id:1147, eSocialSciences.
    3. Atreya, Kishor, 2008. "Health costs from short-term exposure to pesticides in Nepal," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 67(4), pages 511-519, August.
    4. Muhammad Khan, 2010. "Using the Health Belief Model to Understand Pesticide Use Decisions," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 49(4), pages 941-956.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pest Management; Crops&Crop Management Systems; Sustainable Land and Crop Management; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Agricultural Research;

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