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Fuelwood consumption and participation in community forestry in India


  • Bandyopadhyay, Sushenjit
  • Shyamsundar, Priya


Decentralized forest management is an important policy issue in India and elsewhere. Yet there are few careful studies of the impacts of community forestry. The authors try to fill this gap by analyzing National Sample Survey data from 524 villages in five states in India. Their analysis seeks to answer two key questions: (1) Who participates in community forestry and what are the determinants of participation? (2) What is the impact of participation on household fuelwood consumption? The authors find that proximity to forests, leadership, and fuelwood dependence are significant factors in explaining village participation in community forestry. Household participation is strongly correlated with scarcity, a result that has implications for a recent policy to expand community forestry from degraded to less degraded forests. The authors'most important findings are that fuelwood consumption and participation are linked, and household participation has a significant positive impact on consumption. However, the presence of a village level forestry institution does not have a direct effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Bandyopadhyay, Sushenjit & Shyamsundar, Priya, 2004. "Fuelwood consumption and participation in community forestry in India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3331, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3331

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Varughese, George & Ostrom, Elinor, 2001. "The Contested Role of Heterogeneity in Collective Action: Some Evidence from Community Forestry in Nepal," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 747-765, May.
    2. Agarwal, Bina, 2001. "Participatory Exclusions, Community Forestry, and Gender: An Analysis for South Asia and a Conceptual Framework," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(10), pages 1623-1648, October.
    3. Edmonds, Eric V., 2002. "Government-initiated community resource management and local resource extraction from Nepal's forests," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 89-115, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Arabinda Mishra, 2009. "Determinants of Fuelwood Use in Rural Orissa: Implications for Energy Transition," Working Papers id:2145, eSocialSciences.
    2. Bengi Akbulut, 2012. "Community-Based Resource Management in Turkey: ‘Je Participe, Tu Participes, Il Participe… Ils Profitent’," Development and Change, International Institute of Social Studies, vol. 43(5), pages 1133-1158, September.
    3. World Bank, 2007. "Poverty and Environment : Understanding Linkages at the Household Level," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7744, The World Bank.
    4. Jana, Sebak Kumar & Lise, Wietze & Ahmed, Mamtajuddin, 2014. "Factors affecting participation in joint forest management in the West Bengal state of India," Journal of Forest Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 317-332.
    5. Shi, Miaoying & Yin, Runsheng & Zulu, Leo & Qi, Jiaguo & Freudenberger, Mark & Sommerville, Matthew, 2016. "Empirical linkages between devolved tenure systems and forest conditions: Selected case studies and country experiences," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 286-293.
    6. World Bank, 2007. "Poverty and Environment : Understanding Linkages at the Household Level," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6924, April.
    7. Angelsen, Arild & Jagger, Pamela & Babigumira, Ronnie & Belcher, Brian & Hogarth, Nicholas J. & Bauch, Simone & Börner, Jan & Smith-Hall, Carsten & Wunder, Sven, 2014. "Environmental Income and Rural Livelihoods: A Global-Comparative Analysis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 64(S1), pages 12-28.
    8. World Bank, 2007. "Zambia : Economic and Poverty Impact of Nature-based Tourism," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7553, The World Bank.


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