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Household participation and effects of community forest management on income and poverty levels: Empirical evidence from Bhutan

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  • Rahut, Dil Bahadur
  • Ali, Akhter
  • Behera, Bhagirath

Abstract

The objectives of the present study are to (1) identify and analyze the factors influencing household participation in community forest management programs, and (2) assess the effects of community participation in forest management on household income and poverty levels in Bhutan. The study is based on a comprehensive dataset of 4173 rural households from all the agro-ecological regions of Bhutan. The probit estimation on the factors influencing household participation indicates that educated, young and wealthy households are more likely to participate in the community forest management program. The propensity score matching (PSM) approach was employed to correct for potential sample selection bias that may arise due to systematic differences between the participant and non-participant households. The PSM analysis was carried out by employing different matching algorithms i.e. nearest neighbor matching, kernel-based matching, radius matching and mahalanobis metric matching. The empirical results indicate that participating households have higher income levels in the range of Ngultrum 2605–3169. In addition, the study finds that the participation in community forest management by households may reduce poverty in the range of 5–12 percentage point. The participating households have higher food security levels in the range of 12%–19% as compared to non-participating households.

Suggested Citation

  • Rahut, Dil Bahadur & Ali, Akhter & Behera, Bhagirath, 2015. "Household participation and effects of community forest management on income and poverty levels: Empirical evidence from Bhutan," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 20-29.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:forpol:v:61:y:2015:i:c:p:20-29
    DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2015.06.006
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:eee:forpol:v:108:y:2019:i:c:11 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Feuerbacher, Arndt & Siebold, Matthias & Chhetri, Ashit & Lippert, Christian & Sander, Klas, 2016. "Increasing forest utilization within Bhutan's forest conservation framework: The economic benefits of charcoal production," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 99-111.
    3. repec:spr:endesu:v:21:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1007_s10668-017-0029-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eee:forpol:v:101:y:2019:i:c:p:62-69 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Mazunda, John & Shively, Gerald, 2015. "Measuring the forest and income impacts of forest user group participation under Malawi's Forest Co-management Program," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 262-273.
    6. repec:eee:ecolec:v:143:y:2018:i:c:p:199-209 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:eee:forpol:v:106:y:2019:i:c:9 is not listed on IDEAS

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