The EU factor in the trade policies of Central European countries
The author examines the development of foreign trade institutions and policies in Central European countries invited to negotiate their accession to the European Union. With the dismantling of state trading, conditions of market access have been dramatically liberalized. However, except for Estonia and, to a lesser extent, the Czech Republic, most Central European countries have followed a policy of bilateral rather than multilateral trade liberalization. The fall in tariff rates on preferential imports has prompted a search for non-tariff barriers, but these countries'trade regimes have remained open - which is surprising, considering the strong protectionist sentiments in economic administration. Regional disciplines (the EU factor), combined with the legacy of low tariffs under GATT commitments, appear to have been responsible for this openness. Foreign trade policy has been shaped by tensions between domestic protectionist impulses and pressures from the European Union (and other World Trade organization members) to improve conditions of market access.
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- Michael Daly & Hiroaki Kuwahara, 1998. "The Impact of the Uruguay Round on Tariff and Non-Tariff Barriers to Trade in the 'Quad'," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(2), pages 207-234, March.
- Michalopoulos, Constantine, 1999. "The integration of transition economies into the world trading system," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2182, The World Bank. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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