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The EU factor in the trade policies of Central European countries

Author

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  • Kaminski, Bartlomiej

Abstract

The author examines the development of foreign trade institutions and policies in Central European countries invited to negotiate their accession to the European Union. With the dismantling of state trading, conditions of market access have been dramatically liberalized. However, except for Estonia and, to a lesser extent, the Czech Republic, most Central European countries have followed a policy of bilateral rather than multilateral trade liberalization. The fall in tariff rates on preferential imports has prompted a search for non-tariff barriers, but these countries'trade regimes have remained open - which is surprising, considering the strong protectionist sentiments in economic administration. Regional disciplines (the EU factor), combined with the legacy of low tariffs under GATT commitments, appear to have been responsible for this openness. Foreign trade policy has been shaped by tensions between domestic protectionist impulses and pressures from the European Union (and other World Trade organization members) to improve conditions of market access.

Suggested Citation

  • Kaminski, Bartlomiej, 1999. "The EU factor in the trade policies of Central European countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2239, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:2239
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Anderson, Kym, 1995. "Lobbying Incentives and the Pattern of Protection in Rich and Poor Countries," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 43(2), pages 401-423, January.
    2. Zdenek Drabek, 1996. "The Stability of Trade Policy in the Countries in Transition and their Integration into the Multilateral Trading System," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(6), pages 721-745, November.
    3. Drabek, Zdenek & Brada, Josef C., 1998. "Exchange Rate Regimes and the Stability of Trade Policy in Transition Economies," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 642-668, December.
    4. Michael Daly & Hiroaki Kuwahara, 1998. "The Impact of the Uruguay Round on Tariff and Non-Tariff Barriers to Trade in the 'Quad'," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(2), pages 207-234, March.
    5. Michalopoulos, Constantine, 1999. "The integration of transition economies into the world trading system," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2182, The World Bank.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Onno Hoffmeister, 2006. "Die retionale Dimension sozialer Ungleichheit in der erweiterten Europäischen Union: Statistische, wirtschaftliche und politische Effekte der Osterweiterung auf die Einkommensverteilung in der EU," LIS Working papers 438, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.
    2. Kaminski, Bartlomiej, 2001. "How accession to the European Union has affected external trade and foreign direct investment in Central European economies," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2578, The World Bank.
    3. Bacchetta, Marc & Drabek, Zdenek, 2002. "Effects of WTO accession on policy-making in sovereign states: Preliminary lessons from the recent experience of transition countries," WTO Staff Working Papers DERD-2002-02, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.

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