Trade Policy during the Transition. Lessons from the 1990s
This presentation will draw out lessons from the trade policy experience of transition economies during the 1990s. It will do so by examining what trade policy was actually pursued, covering liberalisation of trade in goods and services, liberalisation of the capital account and the approach towards FDI, and exchange rate policy. At the same time, limitations on trade imposed by trade partners (e.g., EU trade barriers covering so-called 'sensitive products') will be reviewed. Based on the policies pursued, the effect on the direction, composition and scale of trade by the transition economies is then summarised. The paper then concludes by discussing the form of an 'ideal' trade policy under transition conditions, and elicits lessons from the 1990s experience of trade policy in the region.
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