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Rules, roles, and controls : governance in social protection with an application to social assistance


  • Bassett, Lucy
  • Giannozzi, Sara
  • Pop, Lucian
  • Ringold, Dena


The paper develops an operational definition of governance that can be applied to social protection. The 2004 World Development Report (WDR) accountability framework acts as a starting point, defining accountability in terms of a set of principal?agent relationships between policymakers, providers, and citizens. Applying this framework to social protection, the paper looks at three broad areas where the Bank is involved in governance in social protection: rules ofthe game, including clear criteria for entry and exit of programs; roles and responsibilities, including defining accountability relationships and incentive frameworks across levels of government and institutions involved in social protection; and controls and accountability measures, including the broad set of implementation mechanisms and procedures for ensuring that'the right benefit gets to the right person at the right time'. The paper applies this framework to social assistance policies and programs, reviews what is currently being done across the Bank in this area, and identifies future opportunities for clients and Bank engagement.

Suggested Citation

  • Bassett, Lucy & Giannozzi, Sara & Pop, Lucian & Ringold, Dena, 2012. "Rules, roles, and controls : governance in social protection with an application to social assistance," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 67612, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:hdnspu:67612

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sam Hickey, 2007. "Conceptualising the Politics of Social Protection in Africa," Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series 0407, BWPI, The University of Manchester.
    2. Fiszbein, Ariel & Ringold, Dena & Rogers, F. Halsey, 2011. "Making services work : indicators, assessments, and benchmarking of the quality and governance of public service delivery in the human development sectors," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5690, The World Bank.
    3. Sebastián Nieto-Parra & Javier Santiso, 2010. "Revisiting Political Budget Cycles in Latin America," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
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    National Governance; Safety Nets and Transfers; Governance Indicators; Emerging Markets; Public Sector Corruption&Anticorruption Measures;

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