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Highly labor-intensive public works in Madagascar : issues and policy options

Author

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  • Haja, Nirina Andrianjaka
  • Milazzo, Annamaria

Abstract

High labor intensive (HIMO) public works programs have been very popular in recent years in Madagascar. They have been one of the most common safety net programs used in Madagascar to address poverty and vulnerability. The objectives of these programs are to provide income support to the poor after natural disasters and during seasonal agricultural employment slack period (soudure), and to improve much needed local infrastructures. This paper assesses the effectiveness of HIMO interventions in addressing the needs of poor and vulnerable households using the data from 15 projects implemented between 2006 and 2008 by several agencies. The main finding of this study is that despite their great potential, HIMO projects have shown the following limitations in the Madagascar context: a) lack of coordination among projects implemented by different agencies; b) ineffective targeting and poor selection of projects; c) lack of monitoring and supervision. The paper identifies four areas for improvement: a) better harmonization and coordination of HIMO projects to ensure consistency of approaches among interventions; b) better geographical targeting and selection of projects; c) setting the wage rate according to the local socio-economic conditions to promote self selection of the poor; and d) better collection of information for monitoring and evaluation of the impact of projects.

Suggested Citation

  • Haja, Nirina Andrianjaka & Milazzo, Annamaria, 2008. "Highly labor-intensive public works in Madagascar : issues and policy options," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 47357, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:hdnspu:47357
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Carlo del Ninno & Kalanidhi Subbarao & Annamaria Milazzo, 2009. "How to Make Public Works Work : A Review of the Experiences," World Bank Other Operational Studies 11718, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Piggott, John & Sane, Renuka, 2009. "Indexing pensions," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 52445, The World Bank.
    2. Ferrer, Ana M. & Riddell, W. Craig, 2009. "Unemployment insurance savings accounts in Latin America : overview and assessment," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 49173, The World Bank.
    3. Holzmann, Robert, 2010. "Bringing Financial Literacy and Education to Low and Middle Income Countries: The Need to Review, Adjust, and Extend Current Wisdom," IZA Discussion Papers 5114, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. James, Estelle, 2009. "Rethinking survivor benefits," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 52919, The World Bank.
    5. Milan Vodopivec, 2013. "Introducing unemployment insurance to developing countries," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 2(1), pages 1-23, December.
    6. Kuddo, Arvo, 2009. "Structural educational reform : evidence from a teacher's displacement program in Armenia," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 47164, The World Bank.
    7. Koettl, Johannes, 2009. "Human trafficking, modern day slavery, and economic exploitation," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 49802, The World Bank.
    8. Milan Vodopivec & Lilijana Madjar & Primoz Dolenc, 2009. "Non-performance of the Severance Pay Program in Slovenia," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 33(1), pages 89-102.
    9. Woo, Kye Lee, 2009. "Productivity increases in SMEs : with special emphasis on in-service training of workers in Korea," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 51251, The World Bank.
    10. Woolford, Geoff, 2009. "Social protection for migrants from the Pacific Islands in Australia and New Zealand," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 49174, The World Bank.
    11. Chae, ChangKyun & Chung, Jaeho, 2009. "Pre-employment vocational education and training in Korea," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 52186, The World Bank.
    12. Makhema, Mpho, 2009. "Social protection for refugees and asylum seekers in the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC)," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 49168, The World Bank.
    13. Avato, Johanna & Koettl, Johannes & Sabates-Wheeler, Rachel, 2009. "Definitions, good practices, and global estimates on the status of social protection for international migrants," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 49172, The World Bank.
    14. Lord, Janet & Posarac, Aleksandra & Nicoli, Marco & Peffley, Karen & Mcclain-Nhlapo, Charlotte & Keogh, Mary, 2010. "Disability and international cooperation and development : a review of policies and practices," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 56092, The World Bank.
    15. Ra, Young-Sun & Shim, Kyung Woo, 2009. "The Korean case study : past experience and new trends in training policies," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 53696, The World Bank.

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