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Which Option Pricing Model is the Best? High Frequency Data for Nikkei225 Index Options


  • Ryszard Kokoszczyński

    () (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, Economic Institute, National Bank of Poland)

  • Paweł Sakowski

    () (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)

  • Robert Ślepaczuk

    () (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)


Option pricing models are the main subject of many research papers prepared both in academia and financial industry. Using high-frequency data for Nikkei225 index options, we check the properties of option pricing models with different assumptions concerning the volatility process (historical, realized, implied, stochastic or based on GARCH model). In order to relax the continuous dividend payout assumption, we use the Black model for pricing options on futures, instead of the Black-Scholes-Merton model. The results are presented separately for 5 classes of moneyness ratio and 5 classes of time to maturity in order to show some patterns in option pricing and to check the robustness of our results. The Black model with implied volatility (BIV) comes out as the best one. Highest average pricing errors we obtain for the Black model with realized volatility (BRV). As a result, we do not see any additional gain from using more complex and time-consuming models (SV and GARCH models. Additionally, we describe liquidity of the Nikkei225 option pricing market and try to compare our results with a detailed study for the emerging market of WIG20 index options (Kokoszczyński et al. 2010b).

Suggested Citation

  • Ryszard Kokoszczyński & Paweł Sakowski & Robert Ślepaczuk, 2010. "Which Option Pricing Model is the Best? High Frequency Data for Nikkei225 Index Options," Working Papers 2010-16, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
  • Handle: RePEc:war:wpaper:2010-16

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Corrado, Charles J & Su, Tie, 1996. "Skewness and Kurtosis in S&P 500 Index Returns Implied by Option Prices," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 19(2), pages 175-192, Summer.
    2. V. L. Martin & G. M. Martin & G. C. Lim, 2005. "Parametric pricing of higher order moments in S&P500 options," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(3), pages 377-404.
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    More about this item


    option pricing models; financial market volatility; high-frequency financial data; midquotes data; transactional data; realized volatility; implied volatility; stochastic volatility; microstructure bias; emerging markets;

    JEL classification:

    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

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