Adjustment Pattern Of Elderly People Belonging To Nuclear Families Of Kolkata City
Aging, the process of growing old regardless of chronological age, is a natural, continuous and universal phenomenon. The ageing process was associated with a number of factors like health status, economic independence and their role expectation in the family and so on. Family is the sub-system of the society which is perceived to be the most relevant to mental health. Functions of the family are geared facilitating the promotion and preservation of health in general and mental health in particular. Individual perceives and experiences a sense of general well-being in relation to the environment. One's need for and ability to give care is negotiated by one's place in family's life-cycle and one's social identity. The social structure of family is culturally shaped and globally varied. The aim of the present investigation is to study the adjustment pattern of the elderly people belonging to nuclear families of Kolkata city. A group of 200 elderly people were selected as sample in this investigation. A General Information Schedule, Adjustment Pattern Questionnaire and Priority Need Questionnaire were administered to them. The findings reveal that adjustment pattern decreases with increase in age. Besides this, female group are more adjusted than that of the male group. Monthly income of the family has a significant role in this regard. Elderly people may live in a good mental state and also able to adjust with other family members if the priority need is to be considered properly. Key words: Elderly people, adjustment pattern, priority need, nuclear family
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- Bonaiuto, Marino & Carrus, Giuseppe & Martorella, Helga & Bonnes, Mirilia, 2002. "Local identity processes and environmental attitudes in land use changes: The case of natural protected areas," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 23(5), pages 631-653, October.
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