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Exchange Rates, Productivity, Poverty and Inequality

  • Kenneth W. Clements

    (UWA Business School, The University of Western Australia)

  • Yihui Lan

    (UWA Business School, The University of Western Australia)

This paper analyses differences in the wealth of nations by comparing PPP-based cross-country incomes from the Penn Table with those derived from prevailing exchange rates. Using the Balassa (1964)-Samuelson (1964) productivity bias framework, we introduce the “international poverty line” and illustrate the implications for cross-county income inequality. We demonstrate that our results are not inconsistent with the previous literature when appropriately interpreted.

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File URL: http://ecompapers.biz.uwa.edu.au/paper/PDF%20of%20Discussion%20Papers/2004/04_13_Clements.pdf
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Paper provided by The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics in its series Economics Discussion / Working Papers with number 04-13.

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Length: 11 pages
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uwa:wpaper:04-13
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Web page: http://www.business.uwa.edu.au/school/disciplines/economics

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  1. Bewley, Ronald & Fiebig, Denzil G, 1990. "Why Are Long-run Parameter Estimates So Disparate?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 72(2), pages 345-49, May.
  2. Ravallion, Martin, 2001. "Growth, Inequality and Poverty: Looking Beyond Averages," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(11), pages 1803-1815, November.
  3. Zellner, Arnold, 1978. "Estimation of functions of population means and regression coefficients including structural coefficients : A minimum expected loss (MELO) approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 127-158, October.
  4. Angus Deaton, 2005. "Measuring Poverty in a Growing World (or Measuring Growth in a Poor World)," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 87(1), pages 1-19, February.
  5. Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 2001. "The disturbing 'rise' of global income inequality," Economics Working Papers 616, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Apr 2002.
  6. Bela Balassa, 1964. "The Purchasing-Power Parity Doctrine: A Reappraisal," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 72, pages 584.
  7. Samuelson, Paul A, 1994. "Facets of Balassa-Samuelson Thirty Years Later," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 2(3), pages 201-26, October.
  8. Martin Ravallion, 2003. "Measuring Aggregate Welfare in Developing Countries: How Well Do National Accounts and Surveys Agree?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 85(3), pages 645-652, August.
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