The Law of Minimum Price
This paper introduces a realistic, generalized market modeling framework for which the Law of One Price no longer holds. Instead the Law of the Minimal Price will be derived, which for contingent claims with long term to maturity may provide significantly lower prices than suggested under the currently prevailing approach. This new law only requires the existence of the numeraire portfolio, which turns out to be the portfolio that maximizes expected logarithmic utility. In several ways it will be shown that the numeraire portfolio cannot be outperformed by any nonnegative portfolio. The new Law of the Minimal Price leads directly to the real world pricing formula, which uses the numeraire portfolio as numeraire and the real world probability for calculating conditional expectations. The cost efficient pricing and hedging of extreme maturity zero coupon bonds illustrates the new law in the context of the US market.
|Date of creation:||01 Feb 2008|
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