On Financial Markets where only Buy-And-Hold Trading is Possible
A financial market model where agents can only trade using realistic buyand-hold strategies is considered. Minimal assumptions are made on the nature of the asset-price process — in particular, the semimartingale property is not assumed. Via a natural assumption of limited opportunities for unlimited resulting wealth from trading, coined the No-Unbounded-Profit-with-Bounded-Risk (NUPBR) condition, we establish that asset-prices have to be semimartingales, as well as a weakened version of the Fundamental Theorem of Asset Pricing that involves supermartingale deflators rather than Equivalent Martingale Measures. Further, the utility maximization problem is considered and it is shown that using only buy-and-hold strategies, optimal utilities and wealth processes resulting from continuous trading can be approximated arbitrarily well.
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- Föllmer, Hans & Kramkov, D. O., 1997. "Optional decompositions under constraints," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 1997,31, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.