IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Ottimizzazione versus Razionalità Procedurale: un'analisi del dibattito sulla natura della scelta razionale in economia

  • Cerulli Giovanni

In questo saggio viene dapprima affrontata l'evoluzione teorica e gli sforzi sperimentali che hanno portato all'affermazione della razionalità procedurale di Herbert A. Simon e dei comportamentisti. Successivamente viene ricostruito il dibattito tra sostenitori dell' approccio "ottimizzazione"e sostenitori dell' approccio "razionalità limitata/procedurale" . Ripercorrendo criticamente questo dibattito ci domandiamo: fino a che punto è possibile attribuire ad una delle due teorie una maggiore legittimazione a descrivere correttamente il comportamento degli agenti economici? Se sul piano analitico l'approccio "relativistico" di Boland e quello "riduzioni sta" di Becker e Stigler mostrano che una comparazione (seppur non priva di problemi) è possibile, su quello metodologico, è argomentato, la risposta rimane ambigua. E' allora necessario collocare metodologicamente i due approcci. A tal fine viene fatto osservare che mentre Simon e i comportamentisti giustificano e legittimano il principio di razionalità limitata/procedurale sulla base della sua "aderenza alla realtà" (accountability to reality o realisticness), Boland, Becker e Stigler difendono quello d'ottimizzazione sulla base della sua non-falsificabilità ex-post ovvero, in ultima analisi, delle sue "performance predittive" (accountability to data). Si suggerisce in tal senso che è nel conflitto tra strumentalismo e realismo che dovrebbe essere ricercata l'inconciliabilità dei due approcci e, di rimando, una solida difesa da ogni tentativo meramente "riduzionista" del contenuto innovativo della teoria simoniana.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL: http://www.cesmep.unito.it/WP/2005/1_WP_Cesmep.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by University of Turin in its series CESMEP Working Papers with number 200501.

as
in new window

Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 15 Mar 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uto:cesmep:200501
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.unito.it/
More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. Coase, Ronald H, 1975. "Marshall on Method," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 18(1), pages 25-31, April.
  2. Kenneth Arrow, 1962. "Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention," NBER Chapters, in: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, pages 609-626 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Boland, Lawrence A, 1981. "On the Futility of Criticizing the Neoclassical Maximization Hypothesis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(5), pages 1031-36, December.
  4. McCloskey, Donald N, 1983. "The Rhetoric of Economics," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 21(2), pages 481-517, June.
  5. Tversky, Amos & Thaler, Richard H, 1990. "Anomalies: Preference Reversals," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 4(2), pages 201-11, Spring.
  6. Paul Slovic & Sarah Lichtenstein, 1973. "Response-induced reversals of preference in gambling: An extended replication in las vegas," Framed Field Experiments 00169, The Field Experiments Website.
  7. Hausman, Daniel M., 1998. "Problems with Realism in Economics," Economics and Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, vol. 14(02), pages 185-213, October.
  8. John Conlisk, 1996. "Why Bounded Rationality?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 34(2), pages 669-700, June.
  9. Pollak, Robert A, 1970. "Habit Formation and Dynamic Demand Functions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 78(4), pages 745-63, Part I Ju.
  10. Heiner, Ronald A, 1983. "The Origin of Predictable Behavior," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(4), pages 560-95, September.
  11. Kahneman, Daniel & Tversky, Amos, 1979. "Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(2), pages 263-91, March.
  12. Rizzello Salvatore, 2003. "Towards a cognitive evolutionary economics," CESMEP Working Papers 200303, University of Turin.
  13. Sugden, Robert, 1991. "Rational Choice: A Survey of Contributions from Economics and Philosophy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(407), pages 751-85, July.
  14. Peter, Fabienne, 2001. "Rhetoric vs Realism in Economic Methodology: A Critical Assessment of Recent Contributions," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 25(5), pages 571-89, September.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:uto:cesmep:200501. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Piero Cavaleri)

or (Marina Grazioli)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.