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Revenue Distribution across Value Chains: The Case of Home-based Sub-contracted Workers in Pakistan


  • Sajid Kazmi
  • Shahrukh Rafi Khan



This paper has three objectives. First, to contribute to the literature by carefully documenting home based work in four sectors in Pakistan in a value chain context. Second, to demonstrate the extent to which home-based workers are deprived of the value they create by tracking the distribution of revenue across the value chain. Finally, in conclusion, we make a case for welfare funds for home-based workers across sectors.

Suggested Citation

  • Sajid Kazmi & Shahrukh Rafi Khan, 2003. "Revenue Distribution across Value Chains: The Case of Home-based Sub-contracted Workers in Pakistan," Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, University of Utah 2003_04, University of Utah, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:uta:papers:2003_04

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kenney, Martin & Florida, Richard, 1994. "Japanese maquiladoras: Production organization and global commodity chains," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 27-44, January.
    2. Gereffi, Gary, 2000. "The transformation of the North American apparel industry: is NAFTA a curse or a blessing?," Desarrollo Productivo 84, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    3. Gereffi, Gary, 1999. "International trade and industrial upgrading in the apparel commodity chain," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 37-70, June.
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    More about this item


    Value chains; home-based workers; Pakistan; Asia;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements

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