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Gains and Losses: A Common Neural Network for Economic Behaviour

Author

Listed:
  • Valeria Faralla

    ()

  • Francesca Benuzzi

    ()

  • Fausta Lui

    ()

  • Patrizia Baraldi

    ()

  • Paolo Nichelli

    ()

  • Nicola Dimitri

    ()

Abstract

Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to investigate the neural mechanisms underlying intertemporal preference for symmetric gains and losses in certain conditions, by asking subjects to choose between two gains or two losses available at different points in time. Our data suggest that a common system is activated when an immediate reward/punishment is available, irrespectively of the impulsive /reflective behaviour performed by the individual.

Suggested Citation

  • Valeria Faralla & Francesca Benuzzi & Fausta Lui & Patrizia Baraldi & Paolo Nichelli & Nicola Dimitri, 2010. "Gains and Losses: A Common Neural Network for Economic Behaviour," Labsi Experimental Economics Laboratory University of Siena 033, University of Siena.
  • Handle: RePEc:usi:labsit:033
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    File URL: http://www.labsi.org/wp/labsi33.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Nicola Dimitri, 2007. "A note on the reward-loss duality in time consistent decisions," Department of Economic Policy, Finance and Development (DEPFID) University of Siena 008, Department of Economic Policy, Finance and Development (DEPFID), University of Siena.
    2. Paul William Glimcher & Kenway Louie & Joseph Kable, 2007. "Neuroeconomic Studies of Impulsivity: Now or Just as Soon as Possible?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 142-147, May.
    3. Loewenstein, George, 1987. "Anticipation and the Valuation of Delayed Consumption," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 97(387), pages 666-684, September.
    4. Shane Frederick & George Loewenstein & Ted O'Donoghue, 2002. "Time Discounting and Time Preference: A Critical Review," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 40(2), pages 351-401, June.
    5. Uri Benzion & Amnon Rapoport & Joseph Yagil, 1989. "Discount Rates Inferred from Decisions: An Experimental Study," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 35(3), pages 270-284, March.
    6. George Loewenstein & Drazen Prelec, 1992. "Anomalies in Intertemporal Choice: Evidence and an Interpretation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(2), pages 573-597.
    7. David Laibson, 1997. "Golden Eggs and Hyperbolic Discounting," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 112(2), pages 443-478.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    intertemporal preferences; gains; losses; certainty;

    JEL classification:

    • D87 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Neuroeconomics
    • D90 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - General
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making

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