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Income redistribution in Latin America: A microsimulation approach

Author

Listed:
  • Cristina Arancibia
  • Mariana Dondo
  • H. Xavier Jara
  • David Macas
  • Nicolás Oliva
  • Rebeca Riella
  • David Rodriguez
  • Joana Urraburu

Abstract

We analyse the effect of taxes and benefits on income distribution of six Latin American countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Our analysis makes use of tax-benefit microsimulation models based on harmonized household representative survey data and developed within the structure of EUROMOD. The analysis focuses on the relative importance of tax-benefit instruments across countries and on the effect of taxes and benefits on poverty and inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Cristina Arancibia & Mariana Dondo & H. Xavier Jara & David Macas & Nicolás Oliva & Rebeca Riella & David Rodriguez & Joana Urraburu, 2019. "Income redistribution in Latin America: A microsimulation approach," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2019-1, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp-2019-1
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Marisa Bucheli & Nora Lustig & Máximo Rossi & Florencia Amábile, 2012. "Social Spending, Taxes and Income Redistribution in Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1212, Department of Economics - dECON.
    2. Lustig, Nora, 2017. "El impacto del sistema tributario y el gasto social en la distribución del ingreso y la pobreza en América Latina. Una aplicación del marco metodológico del proyecto Compromiso con la Equidad (CEQ)," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(335), pages .493-568, julio-sep.
    3. Gómez Sabaini, Juan Carlos & Santiere, Juan José & Rossignolo, Darío, 2002. "La equidad distributiva y el sistema tributario: un análisis para el caso argentino," Gestión Pública 20, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    4. Holly Sutherland & Francesco Figari, 2013. "EUROMOD: the European Union tax-benefit microsimulation model," International Journal of Microsimulation, International Microsimulation Association, vol. 1(6), pages 4-26.
    5. Atkinson, A. B. & Bouguignon, F. & Chiappori, P. A., 1988. "What do we learn about tax reform from international comparisons? France and Britain," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(2-3), pages 343-352, March.
    6. Isabelle Joumard & Juliana Londoño Vélez, 2013. "Income Inequality and Poverty in Colombia - Part 1. The Role of the Labour Market," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1036, OECD Publishing.
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    Keywords

    taxes; Benefits; Microsimulation modelling; EUROMOD; Household surveys;

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