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Social Spending, Taxes and Income Redistribution in Uruguay

  • Marisa Bucheli

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Nora Lustig

    (Department of Economics, Stone Center for Latin American Studies and CIPR, Tulane University)

  • Máximo Rossi

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Florencia Amábile

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

How much redistribution does Uruguay accomplish through social spending and taxes? How progressive are revenue collection and social spending? A standard fiscal incidence analysis shows that Uruguay achieves a nontrivial reduction in inequality and poverty when all taxes and transfers are combined. In comparison with other five countries in Latin America, it ranks first (poverty reduction) and second (inequality reduction), and first in terms of poverty reduction effectiveness and third in terms of overall (including transfers in kind) inequality reduction effectiveness. Direct taxes are progressive and indirect taxes are regressive. Social spending on direct transfers, contributory pensions, education and health is quite progressive in absolute terms except for tertiary education, which is almost neutral in relative terms

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Paper provided by Department of Economics - dECON in its series Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) with number 1212.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:1212
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  1. Nora Lustig, George Gray-Molina, Sean Higgins, Miguel Jaramillo, Wilson Jiménez, Veronica Paz, Claudiney Pereira, Carola Pessino, John Scott, and Ernesto Yañez, 2012. "The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, and Peru: A Synthesis of Results," Working Papers 311, Center for Global Development.
  2. Nora Lustig & Carola Pessino & John Scott, 2013. "The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay: An Overview," Working Papers 1313, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
  3. Verónica Amarante & Marisa Bucheli & Cecilia Olivieri & Ivone Perazzo, 2011. "Distributive impacts of alternative tax structures. The case of Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0911, Department of Economics - dECON.
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