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Asistencia escolar y participación en el mercado de trabajo de los adolecentes en Uruguay

Author

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  • Bucheli, Marisa

    (Departamento de Economía de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República, Uruguay)

  • Casacuberta, Carlos

    (Departamento de Economía de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República, Uruguay)

Abstract

In this paper a discussion of truancy and attendance to school in the case of youths of ages between 14 and 17 years old in Uruguay is presented. In this age range, attendance to school was above 70% along the last ten years, while labor force participation has been stable around less than 30%;in turn, 10% of youths of those ages declares both attending to school and being active in the labor market, and a similar proportion is neither active nor attends school. In this context, the determinants of the decisions on investment in schooling are analysed, and a probit model is estimated to assess the impact of a set of explanatory variables on the probability of school attendance, based on data from the Uruguay Household Survey for 1997. Additionally, a model is estimated for the joint decision on school attendance and labour market participation.The evidence suggest that both decisions can be seen as alternative ones, and that a set of variables representing individual characteristics and family background of the youths exert a significant influence in each of them, impact being of the opposite sign in each case.// El artículo analiza la asistencia y la deserción del sistema de enseñanza en los adolescentes de 14 a 17 años de edad en Uruguay. En este grupo etario, en los pasados diez años la tasa de escolaridad estuvo por encima de 70%, mientras que la participación en el mercado laboral se ha mantenido en el orden de algo menos de 30%; a su vez, 10% de los adolescentes declara participar en el mercado laboral y estudiar de manera simultánea, en tanto que una proporción similar esta inactiva y no asiste a centros escolares. En este contexto se examina los determinantes de las decisiones de inversión en educación, estimándose un modelo probit para analizar el efecto de un conjunto de variables explicativas en la probabilidad de asistencia, con base en los datos de la encuesta de Hogares de Uruguay para el año 1997. Además se considera un modelo de la decisión conjunta de asistencia escolar y participación en el mercado de trabajo. Los datos sugieren que ambas decisiones puedan verse como opciones y que un conjunto de variables referidas a características individuales y al entorno familiar tiene un efecto estadísticamente significativo y de signo contrario en cada una de ellas.

Suggested Citation

  • Bucheli, Marisa & Casacuberta, Carlos, 2000. "Asistencia escolar y participación en el mercado de trabajo de los adolecentes en Uruguay," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(267), pages 395-420, julio-sep.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:67:y:2000:i:267:p:395-420
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    Cited by:

    1. Bogliaccini, Juan A. & Rodríguez, Federico, 2015. "Education system institutions and educational inequalities in Uruguay," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
    2. Marco Manacorda, 2012. "The Cost of Grade Retention," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 94(2), pages 596-606, May.
    3. Amarante, Véronica & Ferrando, Mery & Vigorito, Andrea, 2011. "School Attendance, Child Labor and Cash Transfer: An impact evaluation of PANES," PEP Policy Briefs 164618, Partnership for Economic Policy (PEP).
    4. Lina Marcela Moyano & Luis Armando Galvis, 2014. "¿Oportunidades para el futuro?: la movilidad social de los adolescentes en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 012382, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
    5. Marisa Bucheli & Nora Lustig & Máximo Rossi & Florencia Amábile, 2013. "How much redistribution does Uruguay accomplish through social spending and taxes?," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 10, Tulane University, Department of Economics, revised Jul 2013.
    6. Veronica Amarante & Rodrigo Arim & Gioia de Melo & Andrea Vigorito, 2010. "Family Allowances and Child School Attendance: An ex-ante Evaluation of Alternative Schemes in Uruguay," Working Papers PMMA 2010-07, PEP-PMMA.
    7. Marisa Bucheli & Nora Lustig & Máximo Rossi & Florencia Amábile, 2013. "How much redistribution does Uruguay accomplish through social spending and taxes?," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 1310, Tulane University, Department of Economics, revised Jul 2013.
    8. Groisman, Fernando & Calero, Analía V., 2012. "Educación y Participación Económica de los Jóvenes en Argentina. Un análisis de sus determinantes (2004-2009)
      [Education and Youth Economic Participation in Argentina. An analysis of its determinan
      ," MPRA Paper 38281, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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