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Asistencia escolar y participación en el mercado de trabajo de los adolescentes en Uruguay

Listed author(s):
  • Marisa Bucheli


    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Carlos Casacuberta


    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

In this paper a discussion of truancy and attendance to school in the case of youths of ages between 14 and 17 years old in Uruguay is presented. In this age range, attendance to school was above 70% along the last ten years, while labor force participation has been stable around less than 30%;in turn, 10% of youths of those ages declares both attending to school and being active in the labor market, and a similar proportion is neither active nor attends school. In this context, the determinants of the decisions on investment in schooling are analysed, and a probit model is estimated to assess the impact of a set of explanatory variables on the probability of school attendance, based on data from the Uruguay Household Survey for 1997. Additionally, a model is estimated for the joint decision on school attendance and labour market participation.The evidence suggest that both decisions can be seen as alternative ones, and that a set of variables representing individual characteristics and family background of the youths exert a significant influence in each of them, impact being of the opposite sign in each case.// El artículo analiza la asistencia y la deserción del sistema de enseñanza en los adolescentes de 14 a 17 años de edad en Uruguay. En este grupo etario, en los pasados diez años la tasa de escolaridad estuvo por encima de 70%, mientras que la participación en el mercado laboral se ha mantenido en el orden de algo menos de 30%; a su vez, 10% de los adolescentes declara participar en el mercado laboral y estudiar de manera simultánea, en tanto que una proporción similar esta inactiva y no asiste a centros escolares. En este contexto se examina los determinantes de las decisiones de inversión en educación, estimándose un modelo probit para analizar el efecto de un conjunto de variables explicativas en la probabilidad de asistencia, con base en los datos de la encuesta de Hogares de Uruguay para el año 1997. Además se considera un modelo de la decisión conjunta
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Paper provided by Department of Economics - dECON in its series Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) with number 1599.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: 1999
Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:1599
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